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21 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Pulmonary Arterial Pressure Increased, Tracheal Injury

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[pathologyatlas.ro] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[doi.org] Systolic pulmonary artery pressure increased at high altitude, but normalised with sildenafil.[doi.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[nlm.nih.gov] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org] There was no effect on mean pulmonary arterial pressure. Patients receiving nitric oxide had an increased risk of developing renal dysfunction (1.50, 1.11 to 2.02).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subcutaneous Emphysema

    Inflammation and edema from infection result in an impaired local blood supply, leading to vascular thrombosis in the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues.[doi.org] Liver cirrhosis, gastric-fundus variceal bleeding, tracheal injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The principle change in the pulmonary artery waveform is an elevation in the pulmonary artery diastolic pressure. 37 The increase in thoracic pressure associated with the[pmj.bmjjournals.com]

  • Tracheal Edema

    Free Correspondence June 2007 Treatment of Supraglottic Airway Edema by Local Hyaluronidase Author Affiliations & Notes Keshavan H.[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] If this is present look for subtle laryngeal and tracheal injury.[radiopaedia.org] […] left ventricular failure Increased pulmonary capillary pressure secondary to increased pulmonary arterial pressure (so-called overperfusion pulmonary edema) Decreased plasma[aafp.org]

  • Burn Injury

    Peripheral nerves may incur secondary damage due to local burns or entrapment from scar formation, vascular injury or edema. Upper-motor neuro-deficits are common.[medintensiva.org] […] and tracheal stenosis precluded tracheal intubation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] congestion, increasing edema with decreased urinary output), insertion of a Swan-Ganz catheter for measurement of pulmonary artery pressure and cardiac output is advisable[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Spinal Trauma

    Infiltration is characterized by coolness and pallor to the skin as well as localized swelling or edema.[en.wikipedia.org] The most appropriate technique for performing tracheal intubation in patients with cervical spine injury continues to be debated.[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] Aside from increasing mean arterial blood pressure, another potential technique to improved spinal cord perfusion is to decrease transmural pressure.[academic.oup.com]

  • Pulmonary Contusion

    A small and localized injury to the lung leads to generalized edema in surrounding lung and even in the opposite lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tracheal Injury—Injured Windpipe The first step in address blunt tracheal injuries is to assess and stabilize the victim’s airway, breathing, and circulation.[noonanlawma.com] First, closure of a patent foramen ovale may have reduced hypoxemia, as previously reported. 15 However, it should be noted that an increase in pulmonary artery pressure ([anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org]

  • Pittsburgh Pneumonia

    ) detected by the managing physician on physical examination and documented in the medical record, and a chest x-ray read by the local radiologist as showing pulmonary edema[ahajournals.org] Cardiolipin, elevated in pneumonia causes lung injury . Quantification of cardiolipin in subjects with pneumonia. A .[dom.pitt.edu] pulmonary arterial pressure and right ventricular afterload. 20, 21 Tachycardia increases myocardial oxygen needs and shortens diastole (when coronary perfusion occurs).[ahajournals.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[mcgill.ca] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org] pulmonary arterial pressure.[degruyter.com]

  • Cardiac Arrest

    In special cases where ECMO is initiated, pulmonary edema can be concurrently treated while the patient is being rewarmed. [14] Frostbite and other localized cold injuries[emedicine.medscape.com] When moving the patient, hold the tracheal tube, even when it is secured. Regularly check the tracheal tube position during transit to ensure that it has not dislodged.[resus.org.uk] Infants with increased pulmonary blood flow and pulmonary artery pressure require pulmonary artery banding.[doi.org]

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