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55 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Pulmonary Edema, Tracheal Injury

  • Chest Trauma

    In most cases, acute MR provokes pulmonary edema and hemodynamic deterioration.[circ.ahajournals.org] Tracheal injury after blunt chest trauma is a rare but life-threatening condition. If diagnosed and treated early, the outcome is excellent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After blunt injury May range from: -Minor localized edema -Complete myocardial rupture Why is diagnosis of cardiac contusion difficult?[quizlet.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary edema is a medical condition wherein there is an excessive fluid in the pulmonary space.[symptoma.com] According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[pathologyatlas.ro] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[doi.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Introduction to ARDS ARDS is considered the most common cause of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema.[lecturio.com] If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[nlm.nih.gov] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Tracheal Edema

    It is conceivable that a reasonable number of patients with DAC-induced pulmonary edema are treated for cardiogenic pulmonary edema.[journals.lww.com] Free Correspondence June 2007 Treatment of Supraglottic Airway Edema by Local Hyaluronidase Author Affiliations & Notes Keshavan H.[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] If this is present look for subtle laryngeal and tracheal injury.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Inhalation of Noxious Gases

    edema, and hemorrhagic pneumonitis while spontaneous healing and recovery occurs, because no specific therapy is available for direct chemical pulmonary injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Alternative treatments with pentoxifylline, steroids, NSAIDs and intra-tracheally administered N-acetylcysteine have been shown to mitigate lung injury in some animal models[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    Negative-pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) due to laryngeal swelling from relapsing polychondritis is rare and has not been reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[mcgill.ca] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

    In the second acute stage, rapid respiratory deterioration begins: HPS is often misdiagnosed for pneumonia, idiopathic ARDS, and pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The absence of edema in other tissue on clinical examination and at autopsy suggests that the process is localized.[nejm.org] Regeneration of hamster tracheal epithelium after mechanical injury IV. Virchows Archiv 41:213-240. Kehrer, JP. 1993.[ilocis.org]

  • Crack Lung

    Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema has also been reported with crack cocaine use.[auntminnie.com] […] eosinophils as well as peripheral eosinophilia (up to 40%) Plain radiograph and CT Reported features are nonspecific and include 2,3,4 : pulmonary alveolar and interstitial edema[radiopaedia.org] Tracheal stenosis and extracted with ether.[kundoc.com]

  • Subcutaneous Emphysema

    […] abnormalities are usually due to chemical pulmonary edema and inhalation pneumonitis.[lungindia.com] Inflammation and edema from infection result in an impaired local blood supply, leading to vascular thrombosis in the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues.[doi.org] Liver cirrhosis, gastric-fundus variceal bleeding, tracheal injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Toxic Effect of Chlorine Gas

    The radiograph shows diffuse pulmonary edema without significant cardiomegaly.[emedicine.medscape.com] Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia and congestion without mast cell degranulation 5.[ispub.com] Alternative treatments with pentoxifylline, steroids, NSAIDs and intra-tracheally administered N-acetylcysteine have been shown to mitigate lung injury in some animal models[clinicaladvisor.com]

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