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15 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Pulmonary Edema on Chest X-Ray, Tracheal Injury

  • Pulmonary Edema

    She had clinical features of heart failure and pulmonary edema, but a chest X-ray showed unilateral infiltrates only on the right side.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[pathologyatlas.ro] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[doi.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Chest x-ray features usually develop 12-24 hours after initial lung insult as a result of proteinaceous interstitial edema.[radiopaedia.org] If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[nlm.nih.gov] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Tracheal Edema

    Chest X-ray findings of pulmonary edema support the diagnosis.[cjhr.org] Free Correspondence June 2007 Treatment of Supraglottic Airway Edema by Local Hyaluronidase Author Affiliations & Notes Keshavan H.[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] If this is present look for subtle laryngeal and tracheal injury.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Burn Injury

    Peripheral nerves may incur secondary damage due to local burns or entrapment from scar formation, vascular injury or edema. Upper-motor neuro-deficits are common.[medintensiva.org] […] and tracheal stenosis precluded tracheal intubation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , erythema, ulceration Nondiagnostic clinical tests Early chest x-ray Early blood gases Nondiagnostic clinical findings Soot in sputum or saliva Singed facial hair Treatment[chemm.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[mcgill.ca] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org] Chest x-ray features usually develop 12-24 hours after initial lung insult as a result of proteinaceous interstitial edema.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Pulmonary Contusion

    A small and localized injury to the lung leads to generalized edema in surrounding lung and even in the opposite lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tracheal Injury—Injured Windpipe The first step in address blunt tracheal injuries is to assess and stabilize the victim’s airway, breathing, and circulation.[noonanlawma.com] A chest x-ray was obtained showing no evidence of pleural effusion, airspace consolidation, or edema.[journals.lww.com]

  • Pittsburgh Pneumonia

    […] and documented in the medical record, and a chest x-ray read by the local radiologist as showing pulmonary edema, cardiomegaly, vascular congestion, or congestive heart failure[ahajournals.org] Cardiolipin, elevated in pneumonia causes lung injury . Quantification of cardiolipin in subjects with pneumonia. A .[dom.pitt.edu] ) detected by the managing physician on physical examination and documented in the medical record, and a chest x-ray read by the local radiologist as showing pulmonary edema[ahajournals.org]

  • Inhalation of Noxious Gases

    Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Alternative treatments with pentoxifylline, steroids, NSAIDs and intra-tracheally administered N-acetylcysteine have been shown to mitigate lung injury in some animal models[clinicaladvisor.com] Patients should have a chest x-ray and pulse oximetry. Chest x-ray findings of patchy or confluent alveolar consolidation usually indicate pulmonary edema.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Toxic Effect of Chlorine Gas

    Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia and congestion without mast cell degranulation 5.[ispub.com] Alternative treatments with pentoxifylline, steroids, NSAIDs and intra-tracheally administered N-acetylcysteine have been shown to mitigate lung injury in some animal models[clinicaladvisor.com] A history of relevant exposure Chest x-ray or computed tomography A chest x-ray can show whether pulmonary edema or bronchiolitis has developed.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Ventilation Pneumonitis

    ARDS, CHF, and Pneumonia Distinguishing factor ARDS CHF Pneumonia Symptoms Dyspnea Hypoxia Tachypnea Pleuritic chest pain /– – Sputum production /– – Signs Rales Fever /– – Edema[aafp.org] injury has been suggested, studies do not provide any evidence that this is a significant risk Cost : ETT with subglottic suction port costs approximately 15 (vs 1-2 for[mdnxs.com] X-ray, and (3) pulmonary edema of noncardiogenic origin (pulmonary capillary wedge pressure 18 mm Hg or, in the absence of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure measurement,[karger.com]