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40 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Pulmonary Fibrosis, Tracheal Injury

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[] […] alveolar microlithiasis J84.03 Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis J84.09 Other alveolar and parieto-alveolar conditions J84.1 Other interstitial pulmonary diseases with fibrosis[]

  • Chest Trauma

    In a few cases of acute MR, pulmonary edema localized in the right upper lobe has been reported.[] Tracheal injury after blunt chest trauma is a rare but life-threatening condition. If diagnosed and treated early, the outcome is excellent.[] , hypoxemia, decreased lung compliance, high intrapulmonary shunt and progressive pulmonary fibrosis in the late stage of development.[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[] Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fibrotic lung disease characterized by progressive loss of lung function and poor prognosis.[]

  • Subcutaneous Emphysema

    Inflammation and edema from infection result in an impaired local blood supply, leading to vascular thrombosis in the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues.[] Liver cirrhosis, gastric-fundus variceal bleeding, tracheal injury.[] There was a background of pulmonary fibrosis (non-specific interstitial pneumonia type pattern) and superadded pulmonary haemorrhage, acute pulmonary oedema and sepsis.[]

  • Crack Lung

    […] eosinophils as well as peripheral eosinophilia (up to 40%) Plain radiograph and CT Reported features are nonspecific and include 2,3,4 : pulmonary alveolar and interstitial edema[] Tracheal stenosis and extracted with ether.[] Updated October 12, 2016 14:43:17 Scientists in Newcastle are helping lead world research into the lung disease idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).[]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[] Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) requiring Invasive Mechanical Ventilation (IMV) following unsuccessful treatment with Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) have[]

  • Tracheal Calcification

    A repeat laryngoscopy revealed diffuse boggy edema with obstruction of the subglottic airway, for which laryngeal dilation and local soft-tissue steroid injection were performed[] ; Repair of Tracheobronchial Injuries; Tracheomalacia; Surgery of Benign Stenosis; Laryngo-tracheal Resection and Reconstruction; Treatment Approaches to Primary Tracheal[] There is marked pulmonary fibrosis and traction bronchiectasis related to pulmonary sarcoidosis. figure 4-37 Diffuse tracheobronchial stenosis in sarcoidosis.[]

  • Ventilation Pneumonitis

    ARDS, CHF, and Pneumonia Distinguishing factor ARDS CHF Pneumonia Symptoms Dyspnea Hypoxia Tachypnea Pleuritic chest pain /– – Sputum production /– – Signs Rales Fever /– – Edema[] injury has been suggested, studies do not provide any evidence that this is a significant risk Cost : ETT with subglottic suction port costs approximately 15 (vs 1-2 for[] Open lung biopsy showed a chronic interstitial pneumonia with extensive accumulation of free silica within histiocytes associated with mild pulmonary fibrosis.[]

  • Inhalation of Noxious Gases

    Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia.[] Alternative treatments with pentoxifylline, steroids, NSAIDs and intra-tracheally administered N-acetylcysteine have been shown to mitigate lung injury in some animal models[] A minority of these patients develop late pulmonary fibrosis.[]

  • Tracheomalacia

    […] nerve palsies, laryngeal edema and tracheomalacia.[] Flaccidity of the trachea , due to injury or congenital defect, such that the tracheal passageway fails to stay open at its normal diameter, especially during inspiration[] fibrosis.[]

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