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68 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Respiratory Failure, Tracheal Injury

  • Chest Trauma

    In a few cases of acute MR, pulmonary edema localized in the right upper lobe has been reported.[circ.ahajournals.org] […] movement, mechanical respiratory dysfunction, and frequent respiratory failure. 75% of the cases are associated with pulmonary contusion, which produces an inflammatory response[medcraveonline.com] Tracheal injury after blunt chest trauma is a rare but life-threatening condition. If diagnosed and treated early, the outcome is excellent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[pathologyatlas.ro] failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[doi.org]

  • Contusion

    The complications of pulmonary contusion are ARDS, as mentioned, and respiratory failure, atelectasis and pneumonia.[trauma.org] Tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation may be necessary if there is difficulty in oxygenation or ventilation.[trauma.org] Good tracheal toilet and pulmonary care is essential to minimise the incidence of pneumonia in this susceptible group.[trauma.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[nlm.nih.gov] Peek GJ, Tirouvopaiti R, Firmin RK (2005) ECLS for adult respiratory failure: etiology and indications.[doi.org] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Atypical Pneumonia

    Tumescent anesthesia is an established and safe procedure in local analgesia when performed according to guidelines. Major adverse effects are rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It can lead to respiratory failure and death in some cases. How common is atypical pneumonia? Walking pneumonia is quite common.[my.clevelandclinic.org] The respiratory equations are computed with PaO2 /FiO2 consistent with severe lung injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[mcgill.ca] Hypoxemic respiratory failure is the commonest type of acute respiratory failure.[symptoma.com] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Angioedema

    A general term for a vascular reaction of the deep dermis, subcutaneous or submucosal tissues, which corresponds to localized edema 2º to vasodilation and capillary permeability[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Additional treatments Intravenous epinephrine (1:10,000) should be used in patients who demonstrate upper airway obstruction, acute respiratory failure, or shock. [4] Aerosolized[emedicine.com] The patient with a gun-shot wound to the jaw, the tracheal crush injury, the diabetic with Ludwig’s, and the case of severe angioedema all occur regularly in the airway nightmares[epmonthly.com]

  • Laryngeal Edema

    As both these substances are known to cause metabolic acidosis, localized edema, erosion and sensitization of both the respiratory and alimentary tract.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the presence of respiratory failure, reintubation should be performed without delay.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If this is present look for subtle laryngeal and tracheal injury.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Tracheomalacia

    […] nerve palsies, laryngeal edema and tracheomalacia.[ijaweb.org] Abstract Patients with Morquio syndrome can develop respiratory failure secondary to reduced chest wall compliance and airway collapse from irregularly shaped vocal cords[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Flaccidity of the trachea , due to injury or congenital defect, such that the tracheal passageway fails to stay open at its normal diameter, especially during inspiration[laryngopedia.com]

  • Spasmodic Croup

    The local vasoconstriction in the subglottic mucosa produced by epinephrine can generate rapid improvement in symptoms.[hosppeds.aappublications.org] A total score of 12 indicates impending respiratory failure.[en.wikipedia.org] […] flags for impending respiratory failure.[patient.info]

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