., delirium or hallucinations), "locked-in syndrome," in which there is paralysis of the lower limb musculature and cranial nerves resulting in a lack of expressive communication … 
Hyponatremia is an abnormally low concentration of sodium ions in blood.
Fugu poisoning is a term encompassing ingestion of pufferfish (termed fugu) that contains tetrodotoxin, a very potent neurotoxin that can be fatal in sufficient concentrations. Patients initially present with paresthesias and gastrointestinal irritation, followed by progressive paralysis, hypotension, loss of…
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B is a rare disorder in which aggressive medullary thyroid cancer, pheochromocytoma may lead to life-threatening blood pressure changes, and mucosal neuromas are included in the clinical presentation. The majority of patients develop symptoms by the first few years of age. Through…
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is essentially a defect in the diaphragm that occurs in the uterus. The disorder results in lung hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension and severe hypoxia. Many of these infants have associated congenital defects which increase the morbidity and mortality. Prenatal Presentation The…
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common condition caused by the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus. Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease usually present with heartburn and acid regurgitation into the esophagus. A minority of patients present with supraesophageal symptoms such as dental…
Esophagitis is a condition, characterized by inflammation of the esophagus. It can either be acute, or chronic in nature. The condition of esophagitis, presents with the following signs and symptoms: Swallowing becomes difficult and very painful Development of heartburn and regurgitation Experiencing pain in chest…
The exact incidence of Locked-in Syndrome is not recorded. … However, in total Locked-in Syndrome, the individuals are unable to move the eyes as well. … Locked-in syndrome cannot be cured and there is no standard treatment regime to treat the condition.