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52 Possible Causes for Long Tract Signs, Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    DISEASE DESCRIPTION SYMPTOMS ALS occurs in adults (40-80 years old) and will develop, in 3 to 5 years, to complete paralysis and patient death by respiratory muscle paralysis[icm-institute.org] The affected muscles are eventually paralyzed. Death generally results from atrophy or paralysis of the respiratory muscles.[britannica.com] The usual cause of death is paralysis of the respiratory muscles which control breathing.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    Background: Cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) severely comprises respiratory function due to paralysis and impairment of the respiratory muscles.[cochrane.org] Table 1 SCI level with likely effect on ventilation Level of injury Effect on respiration Clinical consequence C1–3 Complete paralysis of all respiratory muscles Apnoea and[ceaccp.oxfordjournals.org] They also present with a respiratory insufficiency due to the paralysis of breathing muscles, sometimes leading to a temporary or permanent dependence on artificial respiration[nature.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with serious morbidity and labor force absenteeism, but little is known of the long-term impact of the disease on personal income. To assess long-term consequences of MS on personal salary and disposable income. Patients with MS in Sweden were identified in a nationwide,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cervical Spine Fracture

    A complete spinal cord injury secondary to a CCJ trauma would present as quadriplegia with respiratory muscle paralysis, rendering the patient ventilator-dependent.[orthopaedicsone.com] Owing to its proximity to the cardiovascular and respiratory centers in the brainstem , injuries to this region of the spine can be accompanied by large variations in vital[orthopaedicsone.com]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    tract signs pharyngeal-cervical-brachial arm weakness, dysphagia and facial weakness pandysautonomia diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, abdominal pain, ileus, orthostatic hypotension[lifeinthefastlane.com] Presenting features are variable and may include significant respiratory muscle paralysis, in which case invasive ventilation may be needed.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] In severe cases, paralysis of respiratory muscles requires artificial ventilation on a respirator.[healthcentral.com]

  • Scapuloperoneal Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Findings on sensory examination are normal, and long-tract signs are absent.[emedicine.medscape.com] muscle paralysis or aspiration pneumonia .[amboss.com] Deep tendon reflexes are absent, as are long-tract signs and sphincteral abnormalities.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis

    tract signs, such as clonus, spasticity and hyper-reflexia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient initially presented with fever and headache and gradually developed ataxia, disturbance of consciousness, respiratory muscle paralysis, bilateral facial paralysis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Four had Babinski’s sign and two had longtract sensory disturbance (Table 1 ).[academic.oup.com]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 4

    Findings on sensory examination are normal, and long-tract signs are absent.[ispub.com] muscle paralysis or aspiration pneumonia .[amboss.com] In SMARD1, the predominating symptom is a severe respiratory distress due to a paralysis of the diaphragm.[smasupport.com]

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