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52 Possible Causes for Long Tract Signs, Upper Motor Neuron Signs

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Pathologic features lower motor neuron signs loss of motor neurons within the anterior horns of the spinal cord and motor cranial nerve nuclei upper motor neuron signs degeneration[orthobullets.com] , often asymmetrical); seldom significant long tract signs unless foramen magnum involved in addition MRI; CT with bone windows; no EMG evidence of CPD in limbs unless wasting[doi.org] Upper motor neuron and lower motor neuron signs in two regions (spinal or bulbar) and upper motor neuron signs in a region rostral to the lower motor neuron signs Possible[web.archive.org]

  • Myelopathy

    Cervical Myelopathy Tests Individuals with cervical myelopathy typically present with a cluster of upper motor neuron signs such as: Unsteady gait Reflexes 2 Hoffmann’s Sign[forwardthinkingpt.com] Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] , and may include: Upper motor neuron signs—weakness, spasticity, clumsiness, altered tonus, hyperreflexia and pathological reflexes, including Hoffmann's sign and inverted[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Individuals with cervical myelopathy typically present with a cluster of upper motor neuron signs such as: Unsteady gait Reflexes 2 Hoffmann’s Sign: Tap the nail of the 3rd[themanualtherapist.com] This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[aclr.com.es] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Objective neurological deficit (upper motor neurone signs in the legs (eg, up-going plantars, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity); lower motor neurone signs in the arms (eg[patient.info] The clinical symptoms of cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) are motor loss or atrophy with an absent or insignificant sensory deficit or a long tract sign; however, the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] motor neurone signs in the legs and lower motor neurone signs in the arms Sudden onset in a young patient suggests disc prolapse Other History of severe osteoporosis History[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pyramidal Tract Lesion

    Lower Motor Neuron Lesions Upper motor neurons of corticospinal tract project from cortex to lower motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord Lower motor neurons[brainaacn.org] A few days after the injury to the upper motor neurons, a pattern of motor signs and symptoms appears, including spasticity, increased vigor (and decreased threshold) of deep[fmritools.com] Spasticity is the term used to describe the positive signs that occur in upper motor neuron disorders.[courses.washington.edu]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    Lower motor neurone signs in the upper limbs (atrophy, hyporeflexia).[patient.info] RESULTS: Both the Chiari I and cervical compression groups had long tract signs evident on clinical neurological examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of radiculopathy, Babinski and Hoffman's sign, ataxia and dexterity loss. [5] [13] [14] Typical neurological signs of long-tract involvement are exaggerated tendon reflexes[physio-pedia.com]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    WikEM: Epidural abscess (spinal) Motor Neuron Signs Upper Motor Neuron: Spasticity Hyperreflexia Pronator drift Babinski Lower Motor Neuron: Flaccidity Hyporeflexia Fasciculation[ddxof.com] This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myelitis

    […] and lower motor neuron signs.[prognosisapp.com] The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] […] involvement of the diaphragm (C2-C5); lesions at the thoracic level result in spastic diplegia, while involvement of the lower spine (L1-S5) gives rise to a combination of upper[prognosisapp.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis It is a progressive neurodegenerative disease which involves both upper motor neurons and lower motor neurons.[explainmedicine.com] tract signs, facial dysmorphism and adducted thumbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response and increased muscle tone are the recognized UMN signs where as the weakness, muscle wasting, hyporeflexia, muscle cramps, and fasciculations[explainmedicine.com]

  • Lacunar Infarction

    Upper motor neuron signs hyperreflexia, Babinski sign, Hoffman present, clonus, spasticity Mixed sensorimotor stroke Since both motor and sensory fibers are carried in the[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu] Pure motor stroke caused by an infarct in the internal capsule is the most common lacunar syndrome.[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu] AChA) of internal carotid artery Symptoms and Signs Weakness of the face, arm, and/or leg (pure motor stroke) Known as one of the classic types of lacunar infarcts, a pure motor[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu]

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