Upper respiratory infections include the components of the upper airway and are most commonly caused by viruses.
The onset of symptoms occurs 2 to 3 days after exposure to the infectious agent. The illness usually lasts for 7 to 10 days. Nasal congestion, sneezing and sore throat are the hallmarks of the…
Bronchiolitis is a type of lung infection, characterized by inflammation of the air passage of the lungs, known as bronchioles. Viral infections are the major cause, which often strike children during the winter months.
In the preliminary stages, symptoms of bronchiolitis are similar to those of common cold. As the…
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness and reversible airflow obstruction. It is caused by a combination of incompletely understood environmental and genetic interactions. Common symptoms include wheezing, coughing and dyspnea, which may vary from mild…
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is essentially a defect in the diaphragm that occurs in the uterus. The disorder results in lung hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension and severe hypoxia. Many of these infants have associated congenital defects which increase the morbidity and mortality.
Prenatal Presentation The…
A hernia is defined as the protrusion of an organ through an opening located on the structure that contains the organ. A Bochdalek hernia develops when abdominal organs push through a defective location of the diaphragm and protrude into the thoracic cavity.
The clinical picture exhibited by patients bearing a…