Tension pneumothorax (TP) is defined as a progressive build-up of air within the pleural space, generally due to a laceration of the lung.
The clinical presentation of tension pneumothorax is very similar to that of pneumothorax, even though it is much more pronounced. The classical signs include hypotension and…
Kawasaki disease (Kawasaki syndrome, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that primarily affects infants and children. Symptoms include a fever lasting more than 5 days, macular-papular erythematous rash, adenopathy, bilateral conjunctival injection and swelling of the…
Myxedema or severe hypothyroidism is clinical condition where the thyroid gland does not produce any thyroid hormone. In some cases, myxedema condition is also being referred to as underactive thyroid. Myxedema typically present with a distinct facial appearance, hoarse slow speech, and dryness of the skin.
Tuberculous pericarditis is a form of pericarditis.
Pericarditis caused by tuberculosis is difficult to diagnose, because definitive diagnosis requires culturing Mycobacterium tuberculosis from aspirated pericardial fluid or pericardial biopsy, which requires high technical skill and is often not diagnostic (the yield from…
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) ,colloquially referred to as a heart attack, is an irreversible death of a myocardial segment sequel to persistent occlusion and inadequacy of coronary blood flow to the heart. AMI typically presents with central chest pain which may radiate to the neck, left arm, jaw, and shoulders.…
Acute myocarditis is a potentially life-threatening inflammatory disorder of the myocardium, most commonly caused by viral pathogens such as coxsackie A and B, as well as influenza viruses and other enteroviruses, but an array of infections and autoimmune etiologies have been described. Chest pain, dyspnea, and…