Caffeine withdrawal belongs to the group of caffeine related disorder and presents with unpleasant signs and symptoms experienced by the individual upon withdrawal of caffeine. The symptoms can get so severe at times, that it is considered to be a disorder.
Researchers have identified the major symptoms…
α-Methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) deficiency is an inherited condition that leads to functional impairment of the cellular peroxisomes and elevated levels of pristanic acid, phytanic acid, and C27-bile acid intermediates.
AMACR deficiency manifests with a varying clinical picture. A more definitive establishment of a…
The cerebral arteriovenous malformation is a vascular condition characterized by the presence of abnormal, direct connections between the cerebral arterial and venous circulatory system, thus bypassing the capillaries.
A small group of people with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (CAVMs) remain asymptomatic…
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children. Menopause typically occurs between 49 and 52 years of age. Medical professionals often define menopause as having occurred when a woman has not had…
A stroke (cerebrovascular accident) is the sudden loss of blood circulation to an area of the brain, resulting in a loss of neurologic function. This can be due to ischemia (ischemic stroke) or a hemorrhage (hemorrhagic stroke).
Common symptoms of a stroke are contralateral hemiplegia, initially flaccid and then…
Viral meningitis, as the name suggests, is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the meninges which are essentially membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord. Individuals with poor immune system are more prone to develop viral infections.
The symptoms of viral meningitis often mimic those of bacterial…
Systemic mastocytosis refers to a condition of excessive mast cell proliferation that affects different organ systems throughout the body, e.g., skin, lymph nodes, liver and spleen.
Manifestation of SM strongly depends on the affected organ system. In this context, symptoms pointing at disturbances of the…
Parry–Romberg syndrome (also known as progressive hemifacial atrophy) is a rare disease characterized by progressive shrinkage and degeneration of the tissues beneath the skin, usually on only one side of the face (hemifacial atrophy) but occasionally extending to other parts of the body. An autoimmune…