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185 Possible Causes for Lower Limb Dystonia

  • Mitochondrial Membrane Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration

    Conclusions MPAN is characterized by a juvenile‐onset, slowly progressive phenotype with predominant lower limb spasticity, generalized dystonia, and cognitive impairment.[ingentaconnect.com] Conclusions MPAN is characterized by a juvenile-onset, slowly progressive phenotype with predominant lower limb spasticity, generalized dystonia, and cognitive impairment.[push-zb.helmholtz-muenchen.de] Lower limb spacity, dysarthria, dysphagia, dystonia, neuropsychiatric symptoms, optic atrophy, Parkinsonism and cognitive decline 1.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Neuroferritinopathy

    The mean age of onset was 39.4 years (SD 13.3, range 13-63), beginning with chorea in 50%, focal lower limb dystonia in 42.5% and parkinsonism in 7.5%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The mean age of onset was 39.4 years, beginning with chorea in 50%, focal lower limb dystonia in 42.5% and parkinsonism in 7.5%.[medigoo.com] The mean age of onset was 39.4 years (SD 13.3, range 13–63), beginning with chorea in 50%, focal lower limb dystonia in 42.5% and parkinsonism in 7.5%.[academic.oup.com]

  • Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia

    Reich, Adult‐onset primary lower limb dystonia, Movement Disorders, 21, 6, (767-771), (2006).[doi.org] Reich, Adult‐onset primary lower limb dystonia, Movement Disorders, 21, 6, (767-771), (2006). Felipe Fregni, Paulo S. Boggio, Marcelo C. Santos, Moises Lima, Adriana L.[doi.org] The attack was characterised by dystonic painful posture with upward or downward deviation of the eyes, head turning, shoulder abduction and extensions, lower limb dystonia[hkmj.org]

  • Hemiballismus

    He subsequently developed hemiballismus in the right lower limb and dystonia of the distal right upper limb spreading proximally to involve the shoulder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report successful management of posttraumatic hemiballismus and dystonia with ITB in a 43-yr-old man who sustained a traumatic brain injury secondary to an assault in 1978[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The ballistic movement of the lower limb was severe enough to cause the patient to fall out of his chair and limit his ability to perform activities of daily living safely[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Woodhouse Sakati Syndrome

    Progressive neurologic deficits included dysarthria, dysphagia, lower limb dystonia and spastic tetraparesis. Brain MRI showed generalized leukodystrophy.[endocrine-abstracts.org] The most common features are early lower limb spasticity with extensor plantar response, dysarthria, dystonia (involving hands and feet), optic atrophy, neuropsychiatric abnormalities[scielo.br]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    In all patientsonset was focal, most frequently a cranial dystonia(50.4%), followed by cervical (22.0%), upper limb(15.4%), laryngeal (8.3%) or lower limb dystonia(2.6%).[medigoo.com] Adult-onset primary lower limb dystonia [24].[wikigenes.org] Cranial, cervical or lower limb onset was more common amongst women (M:F ratios were 1:2.7, 1:1.9, and 1:3); by contrast, onset in the upper limb was more common in men (M[medigoo.com]

  • Acute Renal Failure

    Normal breath sounds; no oedema in lower limbs, with mucous membrane dehydration.[revistanefrologia.com] The neurological examination found no focal dystonia or neck stiffness, and the significant finding was that the patient trembled when at rest.[revistanefrologia.com]

  • Strabismus

    Lower Limb Spasticity The most frequently reported adverse reactions following injection of BOTOX for lower limb spasticity include arthralgia, back pain, myalgia, upper respiratory[botoxmedical.com] Cervical Dystonia The most frequently reported adverse reactions following injection of BOTOX for Cervical Dystonia include dysphagia (19%), upper respiratory infection (12%[botoxmedical.com]

  • Pure Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    Here we describe a 15-yr-oldboy with abnormal posturing of right lower limb (dystonia and spasticity) during walking, who MRI is showed thinned out corpus callosum.[austinpublishinggroup.com] The age of onset is around 6 years and they may present with gait disturbance which may caused by lower limb dystonia with diurnal variation that may gradually progression[explainmedicine.com] These two variations are extremely rare and not reported in medical literature till date, giving a unique presentation in the index case with right lower limb dystonia with[austinpublishinggroup.com]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    Early-onset IPD differs from classical IPD by its early onset (3 rd decade) and high incidence of lower limb dystonia (painful foot inversion) in untreated patients.[neuroweb.us] Limb dystonias : may present in either upper or lower extremities, often initiated by specific actions such as writing (writer's cramp) or laying a musical instrument (musician's[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu] […] cramp or limb dystonia ).[aans.org]

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