Lungabscess is a type of liquefactive necrosis of the lung tissue and formation of cavities (more than 2 cm) containing necrotic debris or fluid caused by microbial infection … Alcoholism is the most common condition predisposing to lungabscesses. … Lungabscess is considered primary (60%) when it results from existing lung parenchymal process and is termed secondary when it complicates another process e.g. vascular emboli
In the chronic form of the illness, lungabscesses (infections) can form and rupture (burst) releasing pus into the space between the lungs and ribs. … The chronic form of the infection can cause lungabscesses and scarring in your lungs. … Widespread valley fever may cause: Collections of pus in the lung (lungabscess ) Scarring of the lung These problems are much more likely if you have a weakened immune system
Dental caries (or tooth decay) is defined as the decay or breakdown of teeth as direct consequence of the activity of bacteria lying all over the teeth surface.
The first sign of caries is the appearance of a chalky white spot called “white spot lesion”, which eventually turns into a cavity exposing the deeper…
Pulmonary infarction is an acute condition, which involves an arterial occlusion within the lung that leads to necrosis of the pulmonary parenchyma.
Patients who suffer pulmonary embolism due to small or mid-sized emboli are usually asymptomatic. In general, there is no typical presentation of pulmonary embolism and…
Silicosis is a lung disorder caused by continued long-term inhalation of crystalline silica dust, characterized by a slowly progressive fibrosis.
In cases of occupational lung diseases like silicosis, it is important to note the duration of exposure, the type of work which helps us to understand the type of silica to…
Atelectasis is the reduction or absence of air in part or all of a lung. It may be an acute or chronic condition.
Atelectasis may or may not show signs and symptoms depending upon the extent of lung tissue which has collapsed. If a major segment of lung tissue is involved the patient will present the following…
Periapical abscess occurs as a result of bacterial infection of the tooth and the surrounding structures, most commonly on the grounds of dental caries and tooth decay. Focal inflammation and abscesses can produce intense pain, and the diagnosis can be achieved through physical examination. Treatment includes…
Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease of tapeworms of the Echinococcus type. The two main types of the disease are cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis. Less common forms include polycystic echinococcosis and unicystic echinococcosis. The disease often starts without symptoms and this may last for…