68 Possible Causes for Lupus Nephritis in USA

  • Lupus Nephritis

    Class II: Mesangial proliferative lupus nephritis Class III: Focal proliferative lupus nephritis  Class IV: Diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis  Class V: Membranous lupus … The cause of lupus nephritis, a genetic predisposition, plays role in lupus nephritis. … It constitutes about 5% of cases of lupus nephritis.[1] [2]

  • Nephritis

    Lupus nephritis is inflammation of the kidney caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a disease of the immune system. … In the case of lupus nephritis, hydroxychloroquine could be used. … Individuals suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus are at an increased risk of developing nephritis.[3] [4]

  • Kidney Disease

    Despite expensive treatments, lupus nephritis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in people with relapsing or refractory lupus nephritis. … Nephritis is inflammatory kidney disease. … Kidneys are affected by systemic disorders like shock, diabetes, vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosus and malignancy.[5] [6]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    Lupus Nephritis

    Lupus nephritis was the most common manifestation. … Acute or chronic renal impairment may develop with lupus nephritis, leading to acute or end-stage kidney failure. … Certain types of lupus nephritis such as diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis require bouts of cytotoxic drugs.[7] [8]

  • Cyclophosphamide

    For example, systemic lupus erythematosus with severe lupus nephritis may respond to pulsed cyclophosphamide. … nephritis. … First trimester exposure to cyclophosphamide for the treatment of cancer or lupus displays a pattern of anomalies labeled "cyclophosphamide embryopathy," including growth … [9]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome
    Lupus Nephritis

    The disease can also cause lupus nephritis. … It generally affects more men than women although lupus nephritis is common in women. … It is also examined for urinary casts, which are more a feature of active nephritis.[10] [11]

  • Glomerulonephritis

    Lupus nephritis Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis … Patients suffering from acute glomerular nephritis may initially present with sudden facial edema and puffiness. … Individuals with cerebral shunts are at risk of developing shunt nephritis, which frequently produces MGN.[12] [13]

  • Anakinra

    Anakinra may have applications for treating lupus nephritis. … Skin : Frequently ecchymoses, infrequently skin mycosis, lupus erythematosus-like syndrome, urticaria, and isolated cases of melanoma (see malignancies).[14]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    AKI can be caused by systemic disease (such as a manifestation of an autoimmune disease, e.g. lupus nephritis), crush injury, contrast agents, some antibiotics, and more. … Common causes of each are glomerulonephritis, acute tubular necrosis (ATN), and acute interstitial nephritis (AIN), respectively. … Causes Conditions that predispose to acute kidney failure are: autoimmune diseases (e.g., acute nephritic syndrome and interstitial nephritis); acute tubular necrosis (ATN … [15] [16]

  • Atenolol
    Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Drug-induced Lupus Erythematosus

    Atenolol is a selective β1 receptor antagonist, a drug belonging to the group of beta blockers (sometimes written β-blockers), a class of drugs used primarily in cardiovascular diseases. Introduced in 1976, atenolol was developed as a replacement for propranolol in the treatment of hypertension. It works by slowing…[17]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms


  1. Lupus Nephritis, Symptoma
  2. Lupus nephritis, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  3. Nephritis, Symptoma
  4. Nephritis, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  5. Kidney Disease, Symptoma
  6. Kidney disease, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  7. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Symptoma
  8. Systemic lupus erythematosus, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  9. Cyclophosphamide, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  10. Nephrotic Syndrome, Symptoma
  11. Nephrotic syndrome, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  12. Glomerulonephritis, Symptoma
  13. Glomerulonephritis, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  14. Anakinra, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  15. Acute Kidney Failure, Symptoma
  16. Acute kidney injury, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  17. Atenolol, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0