Lupusvulgaris (LV) is a form of post-primary, chronic, and paucibacillary cutaneous tuberculosis in individuals with a high tuberculin sensitivity and moderate immunity. … This results in tuberculosis verrucosa cutis (TVC), TB chancre, and in some cases lupusvulgaris (LV).
Atenolol is a selective β1 receptor antagonist, a drug belonging to the group of beta blockers (sometimes written β-blockers), a class of drugs used primarily in cardiovascular diseases. Introduced in 1976, atenolol was developed as a replacement for propranolol in the treatment of hypertension. It works by slowing…
Relapsing polychondritis is a rare inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent inflammation of cartilage and other structures rich in proteoglycans, and involves damage to eye, ear, nose and cardiovascular system.
Typically, relapsing polychondritis presents with sudden pain and common signs of inflammation at…
Isoniazid, also known as isonicotinylhydrazide (INH), is an antibiotic used for the treatment of tuberculosis. For active tuberculosis it is often used together with rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and either streptomycin or ethambutol. For latent tuberculosis it is often used by itself. It may also be used for atypical types…
Methyldopa, sold under the brand name Aldomet among others, is a medication used for high blood pressure. It is one of the preferred treatments for high blood pressure in pregnancy. For other types of high blood pressure including very high blood pressure resulting in symptoms other medications are typically…
Silicosis is a lung disorder caused by continued long-term inhalation of crystalline silica dust, characterized by a slowly progressive fibrosis.
In cases of occupational lung diseases like silicosis, it is important to note the duration of exposure, the type of work which helps us to understand the type of silica to…
Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by any of several species of the Brucella genus: Brucella melitensis, Brucella abortus, Brucella suis and Brucella canis.
Acute brucellosis may present with symptoms such as: Fever with chills and rigors Anorexia Headache Abdominal pain Muscular pain Fatigue and weakness…
Polyarteritis nodosa refers to the condition resulting from inflammation of small and medium-sized arteries. It may affect many organs and can be life threatening in some cases.
PAN has mulitsystem involvement and progresses within few weeks to months. It may affect a single organ or lead to visceral failure.…