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17 Possible Causes for Luteinizing Hormone Low, Sperm Count Decreased, Testicular Biopsy Abnormal

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    Endocrinological examination revealed a high growth hormone (GH) concentration, low testosterone concentration, and high follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone[] At Puberty  Small testicles (hypogonadism)  Breast tissue development (gynaecomastia)  Low sperm count or no sperm  Low sex drive  Taller than average height  Weak[] Testicular biopsies of KS infants and boys demonstrated decreased or absent germ cells and abnormal seminiferous tubules ( 16, 50 – 52 ).[]

  • Orchitis

    […] in mumps orchitis, have found low testosterone levels, elevated luteinizing hormone (LH) levels and an exaggerated pituitary response to LH-releasing hormone stimulation[] Following chronic exposure, MC-LR-treated mice exhibited decreased sperm counts and abnormal sperm morphology.[] […] occur in about 13% of patients while 30-87% of patients with bilateral mumps orchitis experience infertility. [10] Studies by Adamopoulos et al. on the levels of various hormones[]

  • Sertoli Cell-Only Syndrome

    Plasma testosterone, LH (luteinizing hormone), and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) measurements are helpful in separating these conditions.[] Affected men have severely reduced sperm counts and are under-virilized [ 7, 10 ].[] Human testicular biopsy specimens were obtained from patients suffering from post-testicular infertility (testis showing normal spermatogenesis, 10 cases) and testicular infertility[]

  • Anorchia

    Tests include testosterone levels (low); follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone levels (elevated); X,Y karyotype; ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging showing[] Testicular biopsy is rarely indicated (special fixative required).[] Tests include observable lack of testes, low testosterone levels (typical female levels), elevated follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone levels, XY karyotype[]

  • Primary Male Hypogonadism

    Patients who have demonstrably low levels of luteinizing hormone often need some form of Testosterone Replacement Therapy in order to preserve healthy function.[] Symptoms include low sperm count, decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, fatigue, sleep disturbances and depression.[] These studies may include: Hormone testing Semen analysis Pituitary imaging Genetic studies Testicular biopsy Testosterone testing also plays an important role in managing[]

  • Infertility

    hormone levels. 43 Other low-cost methods of monitoring for ovulation, although less effective, include basal body temperature measurements and cervical mucus changes. 42[] IUI is more commonly done when the man has a low sperm count, decreased sperm motility, or when infertility does not have an identifiable cause.[] In some instances, a biopsy of testicular tissue can identify infertility problems such as sperm production, abnormal growths, tumors, or underdeveloped reproductive organs[]

  • Oligospermia

    Identical twin brothers presented with oligospermia, small testes, normal male phenotypes, elevated serum luteinizing hormone levels, and normal or elevated serum testosterone[] Low sperm counts decrease the chances you can conceive naturally with your partner. However, they don’t rule it out entirely.[] Diagnosis : clinical examination, semen collection and analysis /- reproductive ultrasonography of the stallion, testicular biopsy if indicated.[]

  • Hypogonadism

    hormone ( 9.4 mU/mL)], secondary (low total testosterone, low/normal luteinizing hormone), primary (low total testosterone, elevated luteinizing hormone) and compensated[] Post-pubescent hypogonadism results in sexual dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction, decreased libido, decreased sperm count, and, ultimately, infertility.[] If tests confirm that you have low testosterone, further testing can determine if a testicular disorder or a pituitary abnormality is the cause.[]

  • Male Infertility due to Globozoospermia

    If the testosterone level is low, a repeat measurement of total and free testosterone (or bioavailable testosterone), as well as determination of serum luteinizing hormone[] For Unexplained Low Sperm Count If there is a mild decrease in the sperm count or motility, we may prescribe clomiphene citrate, a fertility pill commonly used to treat women[] Testicular biopsy is the best procedure to define the histological diagnosis and the possibility of finding sperm.[]

  • Cryptorchidism

    Tests include observable lack of testes, low testosterone levels (typical female levels), elevated follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone levels, XY karyotype[] CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that Beta-HCG treatment may decrease sperm counts and decrease the future fertility potential.[] More importantly, only testicular biopsy can nowadays determine which patient should benefit from hormonal therapy.[]