Scrofula (scrophula or struma) is any of a type of skin diseases; in particular, a form of tuberculosis, affecting the lymphnodes of the neck. … Mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis, also known as scrofula or King's evil, refers to a lymphadenitis of the cervical lymphnodes associated with tuberculosis as well as … Scrofula is the term used for lymphadenopathy of the neck, usually as a result of an infection in the lymphnodes, known as lymphadenitis.
Spread to lymphnodes is the most common. … This caseated lesion along with lymphnode involvement constitutes the Ghon complex. … They begin to caseate and some of the bacteria disseminate into regional lymphnodes.
Diagnosis A clinical examination will be carried out and may reveal swollen and tender lymphnodes as well as unusual breath sounds. … Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). … Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis, a highly contagious infectious disease that is characterized by a granulomatous inflammation of … 
Tuberculosis is caused by infection with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. … These are referred to as multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). … Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by determined strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that are resistant to at least both isoniazid and rifampin … 
May include generalized lymphnode enlargement. … Symptoms occur in 40–90% of cases and most commonly include fever, large tender lymphnodes, throat inflammation, a rash, headache, and/or sores of the mouth and genitals. … Between 50 and 70% of people also develop persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, characterized by unexplained, non-painful enlargement of more than one group of lymphnodes … 
Chest and Heart: Mediastinal lymphnodes may present as chest pain and dyspnea. … These carcinogenic degeneration involves the spleen, lymphnodes, liver and the bone marrow. … Extremities: Regional and disseminated lymphadenopathy may occur in the limbs due to lymphnode involvement of the disease.
If a lymphnode is positive, depending on the extent of lymphnode spread, a radical lymphnode dissection will often be performed. … node
N2: Two to three positive lymphnodes or regional skin/in-transit metastasis
N3: Four positive lymphnodes or one lymphnode and regional skin/in-transit metastases … Although controversial, sentinel lymphnode biopsies and examination of the lymphnodes are also performed in patients to assess spread to the lymphnodes.
Gallbladder carcinoma is a rare but highly malignant disease that is predominantly identified at a very late stage. The clinical presentation, comprised of nonspecific signs such as abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant, weight loss, jaundice, and fever, is often insidious. Imaging studies and biopsy are needed to…