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231 Possible Causes for Massive Splenomegaly, Pancytopenia

  • Hypersplenism

    Our results demonstrate that shunt surgery with partial resection of the spleen is effective and safe for pediatric patients with massive splenomegaly and severe hypersplenism[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pancytopenia can be limited by reducing the volume of the functional spleen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Apart from a strongly positive Mantoux test, all investigations for massive splenomegaly proved negative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

    We describe a patient under treatment with the anti-complement antibody eculizumab who developed pancytopenia, requiring blood transfusions, due to massive splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a 19-year-old female patient admitted to the hospital with pancytopenia. Workout of pancytopenia disclosed paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The major causes of associated morbidity and mortality are chronic intravascular hemolysis, pancytopenia, and venous thrombosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Myelofibrosis

    She also underwent splenectomy when she was 13 years old, due to massive splenomegaly, anemia and various infection disease episodes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Primary myelofibrosis is a unique entity among BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative diseases, manifesting as bone marrow fibrosis and pancytopenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by progressive anemia, massive splenomegaly, leukoerythroblastosis, extramedullary hematopoiesis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hairy Cell Leukemia

    Also these cytokines may play a role in the development of hairy cell leukemia.Key words: hairy cell leukemia -  sarcoidosis - massive splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hairy cell leukemia typically presents with pancytopenia and often mimics aplastic anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We should keep in mind other reasons for vasculitis such as lymphoproliferative disease, especially whose who have hematological abnormalities such as pancytopenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

    Here, we report a case of aCMLin a 5-month baby who presented with massive splenomegaly. The diagnosis was in accordance with the WHO criteria established in 2008.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case of 29-year-old white male farmer, with chronic myeloid leukemia treated with imatinib who developed significant pancytopenia, leading to discontinuation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spleen size roughly correlates with the WBC count and massive splenomegaly corresponds to poor prognosis.[lecturio.com]

  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

    splenomegaly and occasionally lymphadenopathy; prognosis is often poor.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The symptoms of this infection range from a silent infection to fever, enlargement of the liver and spleen, weight loss, and pancytopenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brentuximab vedotin had a transient effect, but the patient died of sepsis due to residual PTCL and pancytopenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Visceral Leishmaniasis

    ., infection with Leishmania sp. associated with high fever, weight loss, massive splenomegaly and markedly altered laboratory parameters, is generally fatal if untreated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present an unusual case of febrile pancytopenia in a nonagenarian who was diagnosed with visceral leishmaniasis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 9 year-old boy was admitted to Imam Reza teaching hospital in Mashhad, Iran in 2010 with fever, sweating, abdominal distention, massive hematemesis, weight loss, huge splenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mantle Cell Lymphoma

    Splenomegaly is often massive, while aberrant WBC count may be seen, either as markedly high leukocytosis or pancytopenia.[symptoma.com] Splenomegaly is often massive, while aberrant WBC count may be seen, either as markedly high leukocytosis or pancytopenia.[symptoma.com] The clinical presentation involves generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly that is often massive and systemic symptoms, primarily because the vast majority of patients are[symptoma.com]

  • Myeloproliferative Disease

    Splenomegaly, sometimes massive, is a characteristic finding. Symptoms include the following: Splenic pain. Early satiety. Anemia. Bone pain. Fatigue. Fever.[northshore.org] Four years later, at the age of 16, her brother was diagnosed as having acute myelofibrosis, and some months afterwards he died from fulminant pneumonia coincidently with pancytopenia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ( D61.82 ) pancytopenia (due to) (with) congenital (pure) red cell aplasia ( D61.01 ) pancytopenia (due to) (with) hairy cell leukemia ( C91.4- ) pancytopenia (due to) (with[icd10data.com]

  • Gaucher Disease

    HALS for GD patients with refractory hypersplenism and massive splenomegaly is safe and feasible in experienced hands.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] w/ severe thrombocytopenia is seen; - splenectomy offers temporary relief but pancytopenia may recur w/ depletion of the normal marrow elements; - Radiographs: - fusiform[wheelessonline.com] […] enzyme deficiency in Ashkenazi Jews Presentation Symptoms chronic fatigue Physical exam hepatosplenomegaly bony abnormalities - avascular necrosis anemia (and sometimes pancytopenia[medbullets.com]

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