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1,313 Possible Causes for Mastoiditis, Meningitis

  • Acute Otitis Media

    Meningitis in a patient with a cochlear implant is not necessarily related to the implant.[] AOM was the most common infection (38%), whereas 33% had acute mastoiditis (AM), 18% had latent mastoiditis (LM), and 13% AM of a chronically infected ear (AMc).[] The case is described of pneumocephalus and meningitis secondary to acute otitis media.[]

  • Chronic Otitis Media

    Intracranial air is usually asymptomatic but carries a potential risk of increased intracranial pressure or meningitis which require immediate therapy.[] The imaging modality illustrates the detailed nature and extent of the prior mastoid surgery.[] […] coexistence of complications of COM in the same case is a rare situation, and the present report describes a case with mastoiditis, Bezold abscess, lateral sinus thrombophlebitis, meningitis[]

  • Acute Mastoiditis

    Extension of the infectious process beyond the mastoid system can lead to a variety of intracranial and extracranial complications including meningitis, epidural and intracerebral[] Acute mastoiditis (AM) is characterized by an inflammation of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone and is likely a consequence of acute otitis media.[] […] findings and treatment algorithms for intracranial complications of acute mastoiditis, such as sigmoid sinus thrombosis, otitic hydrocephalus, intracranial abscess, and otitic meningitis[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Inflammation of the meninges causes reflex spasm of the paravertebral muscles which causes the neck stiffness seen in meningitis.[] Seven patients (58.3%) underwent surgery; 5 were operated on early, and 2 underwent surgery at a later stage because of a suspected defect in the mastoid bone.[] Other routes of bacterial entry into the CNS, which occur less commonly, include spread from a contiguous source of infection (such as in cases of sinusitis or mastoiditis[]

  • Middle Ear Cholesteatoma

    Neither meningitis nor recurrence was observed in any patient during the follow-up periods (mean 29.4 months, range 6-64 months).[] The patients underwent canal-wall-down tympanoplasty with partial mastoid obliteration and soft-wall reconstruction.[] In some instances, cholesteatomas can expand up into the brain, causing meningitis, sinus thrombosis, facial nerve palsy, vestibulitis and differently localized abscess.[]

  • Otitis Media

    The patient presented petrositis and bilateral laryngeal paralysis with lymphocytic meningitis after six and eight months respectively.[] Patients underwent either intact canal wall (ICW) or canal wall down (CWD) mastoid surgery between 2005 and 2015.[] Meningitis may be associated with acute or subacute/chronic infection. Acute otitis media is the most common cause of meningitis.[]

  • Mastoiditis

    She was subsequently diagnosed with mastoiditis and meningitis.[] […] an inflammation of the mucosal lining of the mastoid antrum and the mastoid air cell system inside the mastoid process mastoid process of temporal boneitis mastoid process[] To the best of our knowledge, our case report is the first description of A. turicensis meningitis that has been diagnosed as consequence of purulent mastoiditis.[]

  • Brain Abscess

    The diagnosis of brain abscess should be considered in all cases of non-typhoidal Salmonella meningitis after surgery for brain tumor.[] We suggest that if patients show symptoms such as fever, vomiting and lethargy, with contiguous infection such as otitis media, mastoiditis, sinusitis or meningitis, GAS brain[] The large vein that drains blood from the brain passes through the mastoid bone on its way to the jugular vein in the neck.[]

  • Gradenigo's Syndrome

    This case is the first to report Gradenigo's syndrome presenting with meningitis on a background of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and petrous apicitis (apical petrositis[] It remains, however, a serious and potentially fatal complication to AOM and acute mastoiditis.[] Inflammation/infection from the petrous apex can spread to meninges and cause meningitis or can lead to cavernous thrombosis.[]

  • Epidural Abscess

    In severe cases, meningitis and septic shock may occur and lead to death. Therefore, the condition requires prompt recognition and proper intervention.[] We report a case of disseminated blastomycosis presenting as mastoiditis and epidural abscess.[] CONCLUSION: A novel radiographic sign ("halo") and a new classification method for an evolving perisigmoid epidural abscess in acute mastoiditis are described.[]

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