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1,045 Possible Causes for Maxillary Hypoplasia

  • Growth Hormone Deficiency

    In children suffering from significant GH deficiency the facial features are distinguished by a prominence of the forehead and maxillary hypoplasia.[] Some severely GH-deficient children have recognizable, cherubic facial features characterized by maxillary hypoplasia and forehead prominence (said to resemble a kewpie doll[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Prognathism

    Hartsfield Abstract Often referred to as mandibular prognathism, the Class III phenotype can be a result of mandibular prognathism, maxillary hypoplasia (also termed maxillary[] , maxillary hypoplasia, and occasional upper airway obstruction.[] However, multiple sutural synostoses frequently extend to premature fusion of the skull base sutures, causing midfacial hypoplasia, shallow orbits, a foreshortened nasal dorsum[]

  • Rieger Syndrome

    Synonym(s): iridocorneal mesodermal dysgenesis Rieger syndrome - Rieger anomaly combined with hypodontia or anodontia and maxillary hypoplasia.[] At presentation, typical components of ARS could be found in both patients, including iris anomaly, maxillary hypoplasia, hypodontia, and umbilical skin fold.[] These patients might have a difficult airway due to facial anomalies, brachycephaly and maxillary hypoplasia.[]

  • Crouzon Syndrome

    Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by bicoronal craniosynostosis, exorbitism with hypertelorism, and maxillary hypoplasia with mandibular[] Crouzon syndrome is a craniostenotic craniofacial malformation associated with premature closure of selective calvarial sutures, exophthalmos, maxillary hypoplasia, and a[] Oral manifestations are maxillary hypoplasia, maxillary dental crowding, ogival palatus, and relative mandibular prognathism.[]

  • Aarskog-Scott Syndrome

    Primary criteria include: short stature, hypertelorism, short nose with anteverted nares, maxillary hypoplasia, a crease below the lower lip, mild interdigital webbing with[] hypoplasia, hypodontia, retarded dental eruption, orthodontic problems 3.[] hypoplasia and transverse crease below the lower lip.[]

  • Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome Type 3

    Diagnosis is best made by ruling out mutations in PITX1 and FOXC1 although it is claimed that maxillary hypoplasia and umbilical defects are less common in type 2.[] Systemic anomalies include craniofacial dysmorophisms such as hypertelorism, telecanthus, maxillary hypoplasia, and a broad, flat nasal bridge.[] Anomalies include anterior segment dysgenesis of the eye, dental anomalies, maxillary hypoplasia, periumbilical anomalies, and congenital heart defects.[]

  • Apert Syndrome

    A concave profile and a skeletal Class III jaw-base relationship caused by severe maxillary hypoplasia were seen in all patients.[] Apert syndrome is characterised by craniosynostosis, associated with maxillary hypoplasia, symmetrical syndactyly of the hands and feet, and other systemic malformations including[] Apert syndrome is a congenital condition characterized by craniosynostosis, syndactyly, and maxillary hypoplasia.[]

  • Marchesani-Weill Syndrome

    - A dictionary of medical eponyms Related people Georges Weill Oswald Marchesani small shallow orbits, mild maxillary hypoplasia, narrow palate, small spherical crystalline[] He had nominal maxillary hypoplasia, limited extension of neck (up to 30 ), malalignment of upper teeth.[] Prevention of secondary complications: Airway management during anesthesia can be difficult because of stiff joints, poorly aligned teeth, and maxillary hypoplasia.[]

  • Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome

    Craniofacial malformations are present, such as midface hypoplasia, and maxillary hypoplasia (difficult tracheal intubation).[] Maxillary hypoplasia can be a cause for the dental particularities. Close attention must be paid to the examination of the extremities.[] Radiological features include premature synostosis of the coronal suture, brachycephaly, and maxillary under-development.[]

  • Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

    Clinical features of this syndrome include unilateral or bilateral coronal synostosis, ptosis, low-set ears, hearing loss, hypertelorism, maxillary hypoplasia, deviated nasal[] RESULTS: Frequent facial features included brachycephaly (24 of 24), facial asymmetry (20 of 24), prominent ears crus (15 of 24), low-set ears (14 of 24), maxillary hypoplasia[] An autosomal dominant syndrome with variable expression of brachycephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, prominent ear crus, syndactyly, facial asymmetry, shallow orbits, telecanthus[]

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