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351 Possible Causes for Mediastinal Adenopathy

  • Tuberculosis

    adenopathy Ultrasound CT MRI Biopsy Microscopy Culture Histology Nucleic acid amplification test Aspirate Microscopy Culture Cytology Nucleic acid amplification test Site-specific[pathways.nice.org.uk] […] disease Imaging techniques to be considered Specimen Routine test Additional tests on primary specimen (if it would alter management) Lymph node (including intrathoracic mediastinal[pathways.nice.org.uk]

  • Childhood Hodgkin's Disease

    The term "bulky disease" is used in cases where a mass larger than 6 cm is found, or in patients presenting with large mediastinal adenopathies.[symptoma.com] These include fever, large mediastinal adenopathy, stage IV disease and albumin level below 3.5 g/dL. These patients benefit from early augmentation of therapy.[symptoma.com] Large mediastinal bulky disease causes superior vena cava syndrome.[symptoma.com]

  • Pulmonary Lymphoma

    About 5-10% of patients may have mediastinal adenopathy without any other nodes involved Clinically, over 90% of patients with Hodgkin have enlarged nodes, the disease behaving[learningradiology.com] In an asymptomatic patient with chronic lobar consolidation, CT confirmed the absence of a hilar mass or mediastinal adenopathy and demonstrated patent but stretched and irregularly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diagnostic criteria were: (1) histologically proven lymphomatous pulmonary involvement; (2) absence of mediastinal and/or hilar adenopathy on chest radiography; (3) absence[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis

    The chest radiograph demonstrates a miliary or reticulonodular pattern and mediastinal adenopathy.[journals.lww.com] Hilar and mediastinal adenopathy are almost always associated with disseminated disease.[emedicine.medscape.com] Diagnostic Test Results-Imaging Chest X-ray shows bilateral diffuse infiltrates, nodules, mediastinal or hilar adenopathy, or pleural effusion.[quizlet.com]

  • Hilar Lymphadenopathy

    Impression: There are hilar and mediastinal adenopathy noted as described above.The differential diagnosis includes both reative, inflammatory and malignant etiologies.[medhelp.org] About 5-10% of patients may have mediastinal adenopathy without any other nodes involved Clinically, over 90% of patients with Hodgkin have enlarged nodes, the disease behaving[learningradiology.com] Only two previous studies have described the CT findings of mediastinal adenopathy exclusively in children.[link.springer.com]

  • Esophageal Tuberculosis

    adenopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The CT scan of the chest showed consolidation left lower lobe with hilar and mediastinal adenopathy. He responded well to ATT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The fistulous connections appeared to be secondary to mycobacterial mediastinal adenopathy and it healed with medical line of management; surgical intervention was not necessary[lungindia.com]

  • Mediastinal Disease

    Mediastinal tuberculous adenopathy, without associated pulmonary involvement is a rare form of presentation among adults, generally evolving with sustained fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mauch P, Gorsshein D, Cunningham J: Influence of mediastinal adenopathy on site and frequency of relapse in patients with Hodgkin’s disease.[karger.com] About 5-10% of patients may have mediastinal adenopathy without any other nodes involved Clinically, over 90% of patients with Hodgkin have enlarged nodes, the disease behaving[learningradiology.com]

  • Scalene Node Biopsy

    Abstract Scalene node biopsy (SNB) still represents a useful diagnostic method in the difficult interpretation of hilar-mediastinal adenopathies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ADENOPATHY AT TIME OF DIAGNOSIS Marked enlarged hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes. 123.[slideshare.net] In view of the reported association between CT mediastinal adenopathy and supraclavicular metastases 14 and because of limited resources, we chose this select patient group[thorax.bmj.com]

  • Cardiac Sarcoidosis

    Images of mediastinal adenopathies of 1 cm in the following spaces or regions: inferior pretracheal-retrocaval (A), infracarinal (B), and left paracardial (C) (large arrows[revespcardiol.org] Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia and mediastinal adenopathy due to granulomatous infiltration in patients with preserved ventricular function J Am Coll Cardiol 2011 ; 1228[em-consulte.com] adenopathies, infiltration of the ventricular walls, late enhancing lesions with a nodular, patchy appearance indicating inflammation and myocardial fibrosis, and regional[revespcardiol.org]

  • Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy

    There have been only two previous case reports of sarcoidosis with mediastinal adenopathy causing compression of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve and vocal cord paralysis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This third patient had mediastinal adenopathy, but this was unchanged from the previous nine months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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