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20 Possible Causes for Medulloblastoma, Optic Disc Pallor, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Histopathological findings of the tumor were identical to those obtained from the original medulloblastoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of optic disc and optical coherence tomography showed an atrophy of temporal retinal nerve fiber layer Click here to view Discussion LC, also referred to as carcinomatous[e-tjo.org] OBJECTS: Among patients with medulloblastoma, an unrare aggressive central nervous system (CNS) tumor found mostly in the posterior fossa, drop metastasis from primary location[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Suprasellar Tumor

    Medulloblastoma Medulloblastoma accounts for 35–40% of all posterior fossa tumors in children with peak occurrence at approximately 4 years old [ 2 , 11 ].[ajronline.org] Neurological examination revealed pallor of the left optic disc. There was no extraocular dysmotility or facial numbness.[archivesofpathology.org] Medulloblastomas in children: The international society for pediatric neurosurgery. 6. Ruchalski K, Hathout GM.[iranjradiol.com]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[emedicine.medscape.com] .: Quality of long-term survival in young children with medulloblastoma. J Neurosurg 80 (6): 1004-10, 1994.[cancer.gov] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[ijo.in]

  • Occipital Lobe Tumor

    With maturity, more rigorous computerized visual field tests are possible.[childhoodbraintumor.org] For information about medulloblastomas, please click here.[columbianeurosurgery.org] Medulloblastoma and other embryonal tumors should have spinal MRIs done for the first 2 years.[hawaii.edu]

  • Papilledema

    Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[drugs.com] Malignant hypertension Medulloblastoma Orbital Glaucoma: central retinal vein occlusion, cavernous sinus thrombosis Local lesion: optic neuritis, Ischemic optic neuropathy[en.wikipedia.org] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[slideshare.net]

  • Sellar Tumor with Suprasellar Extension

    For those with incidentalomas which do not require surgical removal, follow up clinical assessments and neuroimaging should be performed as well follow-up visual field examinations[en.wikipedia.org] Medulloblastomas in children: The international society for pediatric neurosurgery. 6. Ruchalski K, Hathout GM.[iranjradiol.com] The extent of preoperative damage may by judged from a loss of arcuate nerve fibres surrounding the optic disc (the nerve fibre layer) and the degree of atrophy and pallor[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Malignant Glioma

    Patients with Turcot syndrome (TS) are predisposed to colon tumors and primary brain tumors, typically glioblastomas or medulloblastomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] nerve head (although disc pallor may also be observed with posterior lesions).[eyewiki.aao.org] Histologically, the PNET-like component showed morphological features akin to anaplastic medulloblastoma highlighted by widespread immunoreactivity for βIII-tubulin (TUBB3[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Visual field tests were normal in four eyes.[nature.com] Malformation: Linda’s Story Chief Resident Paul Gigante Earns Shulman Award Chief Residents Leaving the Nest Chief Residents Moving On; New Residents Moving In Childhood Medulloblastoma[columbianeurosurgery.org] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[doi.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Two cadaver donors (cases 4 and 28, Table 2 ) had medulloblastomas, whereas the recipients subsequently developed a gluteal reticulum cell sarcoma and a gastric leiomyosarcoma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[emedicine.com] Lymphangitis Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Lymphohistiocytosis Lymphoproliferative Disorders Malaria Malnutrition Marasmus Mastoiditis Maternal Chorioamnionitis Measles Medulloblastoma[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Secondary Optic Atrophy

    Ancillary Testing Optic neuropathies may cause a large variety of visual field defects, some of which are specific.[medtextfree.wordpress.com] […] metastases to optic nerve are extremely rare. [11] Reported primary sites are spread from adjacent disease from choroid, orbit, primary central nervous system tumors (meningioma, medulloblastoma[ruralneuropractice.com] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net]

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