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1,091 Possible Causes for Megacolon

  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction

    A careful examination of the markedly distended colon can exclude several colonic pathologies, including mechanical obstruction and other causes of toxic megacolon.[] The diagnostic evaluation excludes mechanical obstruction, toxic megacolon, perforation, and ischemia.[] Evaluation of the markedly distended colon involves excluding mechanical obstruction and other causes of toxic megacolon such as Clostridium difficile infection and assessing[]

  • Pseudomembranous Colitis

    Toxic megacolon is a rare but reported presentation of severe pseudomembranous colitis.[] Toxic megacolon is an infrequently occurring, potentially life-threatening complication of pseudomembranous colitis.[] We report a case of toxic megacolon associated with fulminant pseudomembranous colitis. A 72-year-old woman was admitted with severe dehydration and shock.[]

  • Acquired Functional Megacolon

    Dutch megacolon, megacolon NAO, colectasie, colon; dilatatie, dilatatie; colon, Megacolon Italian Colon ingrandito, Megacolon NAS, Dilatazione del colon, Megacolon French[] Content Mega and dolichocolon Acquired megacolon and megarektum Acute megacolon Mega and dolichocolon Dolichocolon - this elongation colon and megacolon - its extension.[] There are three etiological types of megacolon: acute, chronic, and toxic megacolon.[]

  • Toxic Megacolon

    Toxic Megacolon at eMedicine[] Toxic megacolon 1.JPG 2 755 2 000; 1,47 MB Toxic megacolon 2.JPG 3 008 2 000; 1,65 MB Toxic Megacolon in Ulcerative Colitis.jpg 931 1 124; 292 KB Toxisches Megacolon bei Colitis[] Toxic dilation of the colon; Megarectum; Inflammatory bowel disease - toxic megacolon; Crohn disease - toxic megacolon; Ulcerative colitis - toxic megacolon Althumairi AA,[]

  • Acquired Megacolon

    […] in muscularis externa from megacolon (P 0.10).[] The two main types of the syndrome are congenital megacolon, or Hirschsprung disease, and acquired megacolon.[] By contrast, blockade of nitric oxide synthase did not increase amplitudes of contractions with circular smooth muscle from acquired megacolon.[]

  • Hirschsprung's Disease

    We report an autopsied 20-year-old man case of intestinal necrosis associated with megacolon from hypoganglionosis, a pseudo-Hirschsprung's disease.[] Association of megacolon with two recessive spotting genes in the mouse. J. Hered. 57, 181–183 (1966). 12 Lane, P.W. & Liu, H.M.[] […] of foals Long segment Hirschsprung's disease Macrocolon Megacolon, congenital Short segment Hirschsprung's disease Small intestinal dysmotility Small left colon syndrome[]

  • Colitis

    A C. diff infection also can lead to toxic megacolon or bowel perforation, though these rarely happen.[] Ulcerative colitis - Toxic megacolon Hover on/off image to show/hide findings Tap on/off image to show/hide findings Ulcerative colitis - Toxic megacolon This patient's colon[] Toxic megacolon can occur with associated risk of perforation. Bowel adenocarcinoma is a complication in 3% to 5% of patients.[]

  • Sigmoid Volvulus

    Physical examination, plain abdominal X-ray, and barium enema confirmed a sigmoid volvulus and further examinations revealed concomitant megacolon.[] Abdominal radiographs showed megarectum and megacolon with dissipated feces. Sigmoidoscopy revealed gangrenous bowel mucosa affecting the sigmoid colon.[] Sigmoid volvulus associated with megacolon was diagnosed and emergence endoscopic decompression was performed.[]

  • Goldberg-Shprintzen Syndrome

    OLS Orphanet Rare Disease Ontolog ORDO Orphanet:66629 Goldberg-Shprintzen megacolon syndrome is a multiple malformation syndrome characterized by Hirschprung megacolon with[] Prognosis Little information is available about the long-term outlook for individuals with Goldberg-Schprintzen megacolon syndrome.[] Entry H00936 Disease Name Goldberg-Shprintzen megacolon syndrome; Goldberg-Shprintzen syndrome (GOSHS) Description Goldberg-Shprintzen megacolon syndrome is a rare disorder[]

  • Clostridium Difficile

    Here, we report on a patient with toxic megacolon complicated by C. difficile infection who was treated successfully with fecal mi-crobiota transplantation.[] In summary, extraintestinal C. difficile can develop from recent antibiotics use, gastrointestinal surgery and microperforations from toxic megacolon.[] […] present the case of a 65-year-old female patient with multiple Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) relapses on the rectal remnant, post-colectomy for a CDI-related toxic megacolon[]

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