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64 Possible Causes for Meningitis, Optic Disc Pallor, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of meningitis in the developing countries.[] Learning assessment Facilitate case discussion to achieve learning objectives Clinical skills can be tested via practicum of visual field, OCT and fundus photography Knowledge[] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[]

  • Papilledema

    Meningeal signs were strongly positive. Bilateral moderate optic disc edema with flame-shaped hemorrhages was observed.[] Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The etiology varies from neoplasm to vascular lesions, meningitis, internal carotid artery stenosis and Paget’s disease of the skull, tumors being the most common.[] The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[] (MS), National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, England, United Kingdom Subject Adult; Diagnosis, Differential; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Meningeal[]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    The brain and the spinal cord are enveloped by distinct tissues referred to as meninges.[] […] of optic disc and optical coherence tomography showed an atrophy of temporal retinal nerve fiber layer Click here to view Discussion LC, also referred to as carcinomatous[] Carcinomatosis/metabolism Meningeal Carcinomatosis/mortality Meningeal Carcinomatosis/secondary* Middle Aged Neoplasm Staging Proportional Hazards Models Receptor, ErbB-2[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Visual field tests were normal in four eyes.[] Throughout history, many terms have been used, including serous meningitis, pseudotumor cerebri, otitic hydrocephalus, angioneurotic hydrocephalus, toxic hydrocephalus, meningeal[] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    Aneurysm, infection, frontal head trauma, meningitis, sarcoidosis. What are some good prognostic signs for visual recovery after chiasmal syndrome?[] This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[]

  • Suprasellar Tumor

    Although benign, the meningeal melanocytoma can occasionaly relapse and present with malignant transition, so careful imaging surveillance is recommended.[] Neurological examination revealed pallor of the left optic disc. There was no extraocular dysmotility or facial numbness.[] For differential diagnostic purposes also the rare hypothalamic hamartoma and meningeal metastases in the infundibular recess of the third ventricle are included.[]

  • Sellar Tumor with Suprasellar Extension

    Also inflammatory pathologies occur in the basal meninges - the most common infection being tuberculous meningitis.[] For those with incidentalomas which do not require surgical removal, follow up clinical assessments and neuroimaging should be performed as well follow-up visual field examinations[] The extent of preoperative damage may by judged from a loss of arcuate nerve fibres surrounding the optic disc (the nerve fibre layer) and the degree of atrophy and pallor[]

  • Occipital Lobe Tumor

    […] this section: Definition Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prognosis MRI image showing a typical meningioma tumor A meningioma is a tumor that arises from a layer of tissue (the meninges[] With maturity, more rigorous computerized visual field tests are possible.[] Symptoms produced by a tumor of the meninges ( meningioma ) depend on which area of the brain is being compressed.[]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    Lyme disease optic neuritis increased intracranial pressure pseudotumor cerebri meningitis neurologic manifestations children blindness Received August 7, 2000.[] With this information, it is possible to correlate the degree of slimming within these layers to abnormalities in the visual fields.[] , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[]

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