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57 Possible Causes for Mental Deterioration, Prominent Sulci

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    Imaging wise feature of cerebral cortical atrophy Generalized prominence of hemisphere cortical sulci on CT or MRI in mild cases.[neuroradiologycases.com] Four Clinical Cases Who Mentally Deteriorated 1. A 25-year-old female was referred with severe chronic pain due to fibromyalgia.[practicalpainmanagement.com] Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[radiopaedia.org]

  • Rasmussen Syndrome

    We describe a case of Rasmussen syndrome in a 7-year-old boy, presenting with epilepsia partialis continua, hemiplegia, and progressive mental deterioration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Axial T1 FLAIR MRI scan of the brain showing prominent sulci, dilated lateral ventricle, and hemiatrophy on the left. Figure 7 Figure 7: Rasmussen Encephalitis.[ispub.com] deterioration.[whonamedit.com]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    deterioration, behavioral changes, and myoclonic jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[cureus.com] Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) typically presents with progressive mental deterioration, behavioral changes, and myoclonic jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcohol Dementia

    The CT showed prominent sulci and gyri with deep white matter changes. There were no other abnormalities.[gponline.com] - Senile dementia is the mental deterioration (loss of intellectual ability) that is associated with old age.[neurology.health-cares.net] Some experts restrict the term dementia to irreversible mental deterioration. In its early stages, dementia can cause symptoms, such as: Not coping well with change.[healthline.com]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[ajnr.org] Nonspecific prodromal symptoms occurred in one third of the patients, and the neurological presentation, although usually a gradually evolving mental deterioration, was of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During this time, the patient developed gradual mental deterioration, some sleeping problems and myoclonus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pick Disease of The Brain

    Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[radiopaedia.org] As the disease advances, usually very rapidly, mental deterioration becomes pronounced, involuntary movements (especially muscle jerks) appear, and the patient experiences[health.uconn.edu] As the disease progresses, usually very rapidly, mental deterioration becomes pronounced.[alzcare.org]

  • Meningoencephalitis

    MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[academic.oup.com] The patient was admitted with acute neurologic impairment and experienced progressive hemodynamic instability and mental deterioration that finally culminated in death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, his mental status continued to deteriorate and he was subsequently hospitalized 3 months later with confusion, hallucinations, and seizures.[mdedge.com]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    The assessment was done with the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mental Deterioration Battery (MDB), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and the Deux Barrage Test.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] NPH is suggested when ventricular dilation is out of proportion to the prominence of the sulci, but this is a subjective call.[docneuro.com] ABSTRACT Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a syndrome characterized by the triad of gait disturbance, mental deterioration and urinary incontinence, associated with ventriculomegaly[doi.org]

  • Aspartylglucosaminuria

    After the age of 6 years she had developed progressive mental deterioration, coarse facies and macroglossia with a scrotal appearance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] sulci Atrophy Normal 2 17.3 F Decreased Decreased Normal None Poor Atrophy Normal 3 26.6 F Decreased Decreased Mildly increased Several Poor Mild cerebral and cerebellar[docksci.com] Mental deterioration may begin to occur after age five and behavior problems are common. Lung, heart and blood problems tend to occur in later years.[rarediseases.org]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    The lesions were more prominent in the cerebellar sulci compared with in the cerebral sulci.[ajnr.org] Despite short-lived improvement after the shunt, her mental status continued to deteriorate. She was transferred to hospice and died comfortably several days later.[acgcasereports.gi.org] Seventy-two patients (44%) showed mental obtundation, speech disorder and hypersomnia.[nature.com]

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