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1,081 Possible Causes for Mental Retardation, Midline Defects

  • Septo-Optic Dysplasia

    An 11 and 1/2-year-old Caucasian Southeast European female patient with earlier established diagnoses of growth hormone deficiency, diabetes insipidus, seizures, mental retardation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Septo-optic dysplasia, a variable combination of abnormalities of cerebral midline structures, is a clinically heterogeneous syndrome in which the midline defects may be implicated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Marshall-Smith syndrome is characterized by advanced bone age, failure to thrive, respiratory problems, dysmorphic facial features, and variable mental retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertelorism

    OBJECTIVE: Twenty-four patients were evaluated to better characterize neurological and neuroradiological aspects of midline facial defects with ocular hypertelorism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The phenotype of the patients is different from that of all other previously described types of X-linked mental retardation (XLMR).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] retardation and seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wolf Hirschhorn Syndrome

    The phenotype of adult with WHS is in general similar to that of childhood being facial dysmorphism, growth retardation and mental retardation the rule in both adults and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Characteristics include marked prenatal and postnatal growth retardation with psychomotor delay, profound mental deficiency, distinctive facies, and midline defects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a well-known genetic condition characterized by typical facial anomalies, midline defects, skeletal anomalies, prenatal and postnatal growth[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chromosome 18p Deletion Syndrome

    defects.[journals.lww.com] Knight Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, 15.02.2010 - 178 Seiten This remarkable publication focuses on the importance of genetics in mental retardation, investigating[books.google.de] View Article PubMed Google Scholar Portnoï MF, Gruchy N, Marlin S, Finkel L, Denoyelle F, Dubourg C, Odent S, Siffroi JP, Le Bouc Y, Houang M: Midline defects in deletion[doi.org]

  • Patau Syndrome

    The major midline dysmorphic features of trisomy 13 are due to a defect in the fusion of the midline prechordial mesoderm in the first three weeks of gestation.[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Survivors suffer from severe mental retardation and health problems all their lives.[symptoma.com] Holoprosencephaly: the brain doesn't divide into two halves; this can present with midline facial defects including: Cleft lip and palate.[patient.info]

  • Frontonasal Dysplasia

    Frontonasal dysplasia (FND) is a congenital malformation characterized by hypertelorism, broad nasion with a midline cleft in the bony dorsum, midline defect of the frontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical, the CT scan and the operative findings of a case of frontonasal dysplasia with spastic paraplegia, mental retardation, blindness, and cleft lip and cleft palate[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgical intervention is often required for midline facial defects 9.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Melhem-Fahl Syndrome

    […] type Midline defects recessive type Midline developmental field defects Mievis Verellen Dumoulin syndrome Milner Khallouf Gibson syndrome Minkowski-Chauffard disease Minoxidil[mindmappedia.com] Retardation Clefting Syndrome Craniosynostosis Syndrome, Autosomal Recessive Craniosynostosis-Mental Retardation Syndrome of Lin and Gettig Cree Mental Retardation Syndrome[rgd.mcw.edu] […] cleft of lower lip Midline defects autosomal type Midline defects recessive type Midline developmental field defects Midline field defects Midline lethal granuloma Mietens[bioreference.net]

  • Mononen-Karnes-Senac Syndrome

    […] type Midline defects recessive type Midline developmental field defects Mievis Verellen Dumoulin syndrome Milner Khallouf Gibson syndrome Minkowski-Chauffard disease Minoxidil[mindmappedia.com] Midline cleft of lower lip[?] Midline defects autosomal type[?] Midline defects recessive type[?] Midline developmental field defects[?] Midline field defects[?][encyclopedia.kids.net.au] Mental retardation u – Mental retardation x Mental retardation unusual facies Ampola type Mental retardation unusual facies Davis–Lafer type Mental retardation unusual facies[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Apert Syndrome

    The skull with a gaping midline defect appears to permit adequate accommodation of the growing brain. The lambdoidal sutures appear normal in all cases.[emedicine.com] Andere Ausgaben - Alle anzeigen Medical aspects of mental retardation Charles H.[books.google.com] Gaping midline defect Cloverleaf skull anomaly is present although this happens only in 4 percent of infants.[syndrome.org]

  • Acrocallosal Syndrome

    retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the past few years, anencephaly has also been noted, together with other midline defects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Midline defects such as cleft palate or congenital heart defects have been reported.[medlink.com]

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