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2,949 Possible Causes for Mental Retardation, No Muscle Weakness, Pediatric Disorder

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal progressive pediatric muscle disorder and genetically inherited as an X-linked disease that caused by[] Muscle weakness Other names Myasthenia Specialty Neurology Muscle weakness is a lack of muscle strength.[] Some patients also have mild mental retardation. As DMD progresses, a wheelchair may be needed.[]

  • Becker Muscular Dystrophy

    Little is known about parental motivations and expectations for clinical trials for rare pediatric disorders.[] Later symptoms Muscle weakness: Affects the proximal muscles of the limbs mainly.[] retardation.[]

  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    Pediatr Neurol. 1994; 11:208. [ Links ] 9. D’Angelo MG, Bresolin N. Cognitive impairment in neuromuscular disorders. Muscle Nerve. 2006; 34:16. 10.[] On neurological examination the patient was presented with muscle weakness, muscle atrophy (in face and sternocleidomastoid muscles), features of myotonia and apocamnosis[] Cardiac conduction abnormalities, diaphragmatic weakness, and mild mental retardation may also occur.[]

  • MELAS Syndrome

    Links Publisher Full Text Authors Show Affiliations, Division of Clinical Genetics and Metabolic Disorders, Department of Pediatrics, Tawam Hospital, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates[] Early symptoms may include muscle weakness and pain, recurrent headaches, loss of appetite, vomiting, and seizures.[] The younger sister had severe involvement of the central nervous system with mental retardation, epilepsia partialis continua, and strokelike episodes.[]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Disorders of renal transport of sodium, potassium and magnesium. In Pediatric Kidney Disease, Vol. 2, 1st edition. CM Edlemann Jr, editor.[] Clinical findings Proximal muscle weakness, failure to thrive, short stature, convulsions, tetany, cramps, ileus, gout, mental retardation, enuresis, nocturia, polyuria, salt[] Tubular Disorders of Electrolyte Regulation. Pediatric Nephrology. Ellis D. Avner, William E. Harmon, Patrick Niaudet, Norishige Yoshikawa (Eds.).[]

  • Kearns-Sayre Syndrome

    […] symptoms in infants, children, and young adults through images of common and unusual presenting features for over 300 pediatric disorders.[] His manifestations included progressive external ophthalmoplegia, bilateral ptosis, retinitis pigmentosa, and muscle weakness.[] Department of Pediatrics and Psychiatry and the Mental Retardation Research Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, 90024, California Stephen D Cederbaum Newcastle and[]

  • Tay-Sachs Disease

    Bone marrow transplantation in children with hereditary disorders [review]. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1996; 8 :42–44. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 25.[] , weakness, or paralysis Learning problems Seizures In some cases, the symptoms do not begin until age 2-5 years old.[] Tay—Sachs disease, an inherited autosomal recessive abnormality that occurs in infants usually of Ashkenazic Jewish parentage, is characterized by mental retardation and amaurosis[]

  • Abetalipoproteinemia

    Adds five new chapters including "Screening and Surveillance of the GI Tract", "Congenital and Developmental Disorders of the GI Tract", "Pediatric Enteropathies of the GI[] weakness Poor muscle coordination that usually develops after age 10 Protruding abdomen Slurred speech Stool abnormalities, including fatty stools that appear pale in color[] Approximately one-third of all individuals with ABL develop mental retardation.[]

  • Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy

    Complications of Neuromuscular Disorders. In Epp, Jr., CH & Bowen Jr., Complications in Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, 627-630,1995 Tachdjian M.O.[] BACKGROUND: Although muscle weakness is a hallmark of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), the molecular mechanisms that lead to weakness in FSHD remain largely[] Extramuscular features such as hearing loss, retinopathy, mental retardation, and epilepsy, may be observed in patients carrying large 4q35 deletions resulting in fragment[]

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    disorders, resulting in a rise in the diagnosis and early referral to the pediatric endocrinologist.[] This case showed spasticity and hyperreflexia with pathological reflexes and ankle clonus as well as muscle weakness in all extremities.[] This is the first description of KS, mosaicism (46,XY/47,XXY), associated with AN and mental retardation.[]

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