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781 Possible Causes for Mental Retardation, Obstructive Hydrocephalus

  • Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

    retardation.[] Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGCA) is a benign, slow-growing glial tumor that manifests with signs and symptoms of obstructive hydrocephalus most often in adolescent[] At 2 months of age, he presented with congenital subependymal giant cell astrocytoma that was complicated by refractory epilepsy and severe mental retardation.[]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    CONCLUSIONS: Mutations within the FKRP gene can result in CMD associated with mental retardation and cerebellar cysts.[] Affected individuals also have obstructive hydrocephalus, a condition in which blockage of the normal circulation of cerebrospinal fluid results in pressure on the brain.[] hydrocephalus, neuronal heterotopias, corpus callosum agenesis, fusion of the hemispheres, and ponto-cerebellar hypoplasia with fourth ventricle dilatation (Figs. 2 and 3[]

  • Hydrocephalus

    Children with hydrocephalus have developmental defects of motor function, mental retardation, defective vision, and risk for epilepsy.[] Patients with an intraventricular haematoma with no evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus were also excluded from the study.[] Intelligence tests showed the man had an IQ of 75, below the average score of 100 but not considered mentally retarded or disabled, either.[]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    A young boy presented with mental retardation and seizures with extensive hairy naevi.[] hydrocephalus.[] Abstract The Dandy-Walker syndrome is said to be associated with a high incidence of mental retardation and motor dysfunction leading some to suggest termination of the affected[]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    At risk for vision problems, mental retardation, microcephaly, and seizure disorder.[] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[] It may be associated with stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius with obstructive hydrocephalus, and atrophy of the brain tissue.[]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    Retrusion, and Mental Retardation Sensenbrenner syndrome Shprintzen Golberg Craniosynostosis Skeletal Dysplasia, San Diego Type Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia with Coronal[] In some cases of obstructive hydrocephalus, though, an endoscope can be used to create an opening, called an ostomy, which routes the cerebral fluid around the obstruction[] […] deficiency Mental retardation Mental retardation, nonspecific Mental-retardation [ more ] 0001249 Strabismus Cross-eyed Squint Squint eyes [ more ] 0000486 Percent of people[]

  • Tuberous Sclerosis

    For children with tuberous sclerosis, instead of genetic factors, epilepsy may play the main role for the presence of mental retardation.[] An obstructive hydrocephalus caused by an intraventricular expansive lesion was identified in brain CT.Observation by the ophthalmologist is indicated in all confirmed or[] Their intraventricular location may lead to life-threatening obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

  • Lead Encephalopathy

    […] are very similar to those applying to mental retardation.[] We review a case of lead poisoning in a 9-month-old child who presented clinically and radiographically with a posterior fossa mass effect and obstructive hydrocephalus.[] The resultant transient obstructive hydrocephalus may need emergency drainage of cerebro-spinal fluid.[]

  • Alexander Disease

    The patient initially presented at 9 months of age, with profound mental retardation and a history of seizures.[] The first MRI examination demonstrated obstructive hydrocephalus and cerebral white matter abnormalities (which were more prominent posteriorly).[] hydrocephalus secondary to periaqueductal involvement and swelling of basal ganglia may be seen.[]

  • Ventricular Hemorrhage

    Convulsions, mental retardation, various learning disabilities, language difficulties, and behavior and personality disorders may result.[] METHODS: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, severe IVH, and obstructive hydrocephalus with the need for external ventricular drainage were treated with IVF through external[] The involvement of the cortex can result in seizures and/or mental retardation.[]

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