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431 Possible Causes for Metabolic Alkalosis, Tachycardia, Tachypnea

  • Acidosis

    Definition A combined respiratory acidosis / metabolic alkalosis will result in elevated PaCO 2 and serum bicarbonate.[] Cardiac telemetry monitoring showed a narrow complex sinus tachycardia.[] Pediatric Dose 0.1-0.2 mL of 5% solution diluted in 3 mL of 0.45% or 0.9% NS over 5-15 min q4h Contraindications Documented hypersensitivity; arrhythmia associated with tachycardia[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    So you still have respiratory alkalosis and now you have a metabolic acidosis with it.[] GI: Nausea Vomiting Epigastric pain Hematemesis Pulmonary: Tachypnea Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema CNS: Tinnitus Deafness Delirium Seizures Coma In suspected overdose settings[] Dizziness tachycardia and hyperventilation also occur. More severe poisoning can lead to delirium, agitation and convulsions.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    Patients can also present with convulsions due to severe metabolic alkalosis or hypomagnesemia. Therefore, early recognition and treatment are important.[] A 38-year-old obese woman presented with recurrent polymorphic ventricular tachycardia secondary to persistent hypokalemia necessitating more than 40 DC shocks.[] QT interval may be seen, which is actually the QU interval with an absent T wave. 1 Severe hypokalemia can also cause a variety of tachyarrhythmias, including ventricular tachycardia[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    Definition A combined respiratory acidosis / metabolic alkalosis will result in elevated PaCO 2 and serum bicarbonate.[] Commonest signs were tachycardia (100%) and moaning (73%). At presentation 52% were in cardiogenic shock.[] During the initial examination by the physician at our hospital, the patient presented with tachypnea, a precordinal burning sensation, nausea and metabolic acidosis.[]

  • Hypovolemia

    Lactated Ringer's infusate should not be given in patients with severe metabolic alkalosis, lactic acidosis with decreased lactate clearance, or severe hyperkalemia, and in[] Class I hemorrhage (loss of 0-15%) In the absence of complications, only minimal tachycardia is seen.[] alkalosis.[ 1 ] All resuscitation fluids can contribute to the formation of interstitial edema, especially under different inflammatory conditions and confounding medical[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    alkalosis 112 Chief Clinical Nephrology Service University of Southern California 121 SANDRA SABATINI and NEIL A KURTZMAN 130 Metabolic acidosis 154 Respiratory acidbase[] […] appearance Dry skin Labored respiration Dry mucous membranes Decreased skin turgor Decreased reflexes Characteristic acetone (ketotic) breath odor Tachycardia Hypotension Tachypnea[] , abdominal pain (ileus), gastric stasis, and leg cramps ketosis causes nausea and vomiting acidosis causes tachycardia, rapid deep breathing (Kussmaul), hypotension(vasodil[]

  • Extrapulmonary Alveolar Hypoventilation

    In patients with chronic hypercapnea, excessively aggressive attempts to lower the PaCO 2 will result in a metabolic alkalosis (termed a post hypercapneic metabolic alkalosis[] 233 Supraventricular Tachycardia 242 Temporary Cardiac Pacing 253 Permanent Pacemakers and Antiarrhythmic Devices 261 Evaluation of the Low to Intermediate Risk Patient with[] […] mean that they have ARF Clinical Manifestations of ARF: CV chest pain, tachycardic, hypertensive, dysrhythmias - may throw PVCs Clinical Manifestations of ARF: Pulmonary tachypnea[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Metabolic alkalosis, isolated or in combination with another abnormality, is the most common acid-base disorder in patients with congestive heart failure.[] […] of developing pulmonary emboli, which can increase the hemodynamic burden on the right ventricle (RV) by further elevating RV systolic pressure, possibly causing fever, tachypnea[] ECG and telemetry revealed relatively slow supraventricular tachycardia, which did not trigger the alert, and catheter ablation successfully controlled the heart failure.[]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    […] patients with mixed respiratory acidosis and metabolic alkalosis.[] So hypoxemia may be present, leading to tachypnea.[] Tachycardia develops early because the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated, resulting in the release of catecholamines, epinephrine, and norepinephrine, in an attempt[]

  • Acute Hyperventilation

    Available online at Accessed March 2018 (Oct 24, 2017) Thomas C, Metabolic Alkalosis. Medscape Reference.[] Your assessment reveals that he has a barrel-shaped chest, unilaterally diminished breath sounds, and tachycardia.[] The symptoms of acute hyperventilation are mainly caused by the hypocalcemia. 4 Symptoms Tachypnea Muscle spasms Paresthesia Dizziness Anxiety Spasms of the muscles of the[]

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