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201 Possible Causes for Metabolic Alkalosis, Tachycardia, Tachypnea

  • Acidosis

    Definition A combined respiratory acidosis / metabolic alkalosis will result in elevated PaCO 2 and serum bicarbonate.[openanesthesia.org] Tachypnea in physiological response to metabolic acidosis can be an early sign.[calpoison.org] Patients experience cardiopulmonary symptoms, including tachycardia, tachypnea and in severe cases, shock.[renalandurologynews.com]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    Definition A combined respiratory acidosis / metabolic alkalosis will result in elevated PaCO 2 and serum bicarbonate.[openanesthesia.org] During the initial examination by the physician at our hospital, the patient presented with tachypnea, a precordinal burning sensation, nausea and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Commonest signs were tachycardia (100%) and moaning (73%). At presentation 52% were in cardiogenic shock.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemia

    KEYWORDS: Gitelman’s syndrome; Hypokalemia; Hypomagnesemia; Metabolic alkalosis; Tubulopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 38-year-old obese woman presented with recurrent polymorphic ventricular tachycardia secondary to persistent hypokalemia necessitating more than 40 DC shocks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Polyuria, nocturia Excessive thirst Fatigue Palpitations Assessment-Physical Findings Hyporeflexia (See Clinical effects of hypokalemia) Weak, irregular pulse Tachycardia, tachypnea[quizlet.com]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Phase 3 of toxicity – dehydration, hypokalaemia and increasing metabolic acidosis occurs Common acid/base abnormalities include a mixed respiratory alkalosis/metabolic acidosis[gcs3.co.uk] GI: Nausea Vomiting Epigastric pain Hematemesis Pulmonary: Tachypnea Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema CNS: Tinnitus Deafness Delirium Seizures Coma In suspected overdose settings[5minuteconsult.com] In general, this should occur regardless of the dose reported (Grade D). 2) The presence of typical symptoms of salicylate toxicity such as hematemesis, tachypnea, hyperpnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypovolemia

    Lactated Ringer's infusate should not be given in patients with severe metabolic alkalosis, lactic acidosis with decreased lactate clearance, or severe hyperkalemia, and in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Class III hemorrhage (loss of 30-40%) By this point, patients usually have marked tachypnea and tachycardia, decreased systolic BP, oliguria, and significant changes in mental[emedicine.medscape.com] One of the signs and symptoms of hypovolemia is tachycardia (Nursing, 2000). Tachycardia is the medical term for rapid heartbeat (Mayo Clinic).[brighthub.com]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    […] patients with mixed respiratory acidosis and metabolic alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tachycardia develops early because the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated, resulting in the release of catecholamines, epinephrine , and norepinephrine , in an attempt[nurseslabs.com] So hypoxemia may be present, leading to tachypnea.[forums.studentdoctor.net]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    alkalosis 112 Chief Clinical Nephrology Service University of Southern California 121 SANDRA SABATINI and NEIL A KURTZMAN 130 Metabolic acidosis 154 Respiratory acidbase[books.google.it] , abdominal pain (ileus), gastric stasis, and leg cramps ketosis causes nausea and vomiting acidosis causes tachycardia, rapid deep breathing (Kussmaul), hypotension(vasodil[d3jonline.tripod.com] Vomiting if present could have contributed to the metabolic alkalosis.[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Metabolic alkalosis, isolated or in combination with another abnormality, is the most common acid-base disorder in patients with congestive heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of developing pulmonary emboli, which can increase the hemodynamic burden on the right ventricle (RV) by further elevating RV systolic pressure, possibly causing fever, tachypnea[emedicine.com] ECG and telemetry revealed relatively slow supraventricular tachycardia, which did not trigger the alert, and catheter ablation successfully controlled the heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    alkalosis  Arterial hypoxemia  Elevated CKMB , trop t ,trop i 13.[slideshare.net] Other signs or symptoms include dyspnea, tachycardia, cyanosis, peripheral edema, altered mental status, tachypnea and reduced urine output.[emsworld.com] A 74-year-old woman presenting with sepsis demonstrated AF tachycardia characterised by severe hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Extrapulmonary Alveolar Hypoventilation

    Diuretics by promoting metabolic alkalosis may worsen alveolar hypoventilation, prolonging the need for respiratory support.[journals.plos.org] […] mean that they have ARF Clinical Manifestations of ARF: CV chest pain, tachycardic, hypertensive, dysrhythmias - may throw PVCs Clinical Manifestations of ARF: Pulmonary tachypnea[quizlet.com] 233 Supraventricular Tachycardia 242 Temporary Cardiac Pacing 253 Permanent Pacemakers and Antiarrhythmic Devices 261 Evaluation of the Low to Intermediate Risk Patient with[books.google.com]

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