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516 Possible Causes for Microcephaly, Occipital Encephalocele

  • Meckel Syndrome

    […] case of 26-year primigravida with 23 weeks pregnancy whose detailed sonographical examination of the fetus revealed large encephalocele through the posterior fontanelle microcephaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A one-day-old girl was admitted to our clinic with occipital encephalocele, polydactyly, ulnar deviation of left hand and failure to thrive.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Meckel-Gruber syndrome, characterized by occipital encephalocele, microcephaly, polydactyly, cleft lip or palate, mandibular micrognathism, and anatomical abnormality of the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalocele

    This is the first case report of the association of an occipital encephalocele with a rare vascular tumor, i.e. papillary intralymphatic angioendothelioma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (abnormally small head), ataxia (uncoordinated movement of the voluntary muscles, such as those involved in walking and reaching), developmental delay, vision problems, mental[ninds.nih.gov] The authors report a clinical case of an 80-year-old woman with primary occipital encephalocele on the right side and that was affected by trauma and presented liquor fistula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Occipital Encephalocele

    Cerebral tissue in the sac and associated microcephaly are bad prognostic features.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two children with giant occipital encephaloceles with herniation of significant brain parenchyma into the encephalocele sac were managed with expansile cranioplasty and reconstruction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prenatal sonograms revealed polyhydramnios, subgaleal edema, microcephaly, a narrow thorax, pericardial effusion, and a severe short-limbed dwarfism with unossified tubular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    Small head size is an indication of the underlying brain size except in cases of craniosynostosis, or premature closure of the bony sutures.[neurology.mhmedical.com] There was history of excision of occipital encephalocele and insertion of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt at birth.[indianpediatrics.net] KNOBLOCH SYNDROME 1; KNO1 Is also known as kno, retinal detachment and occipital encephalocele;knobloch-layer syndrome; retinal detachment-occipital encephalocele syndrome[mendelian.co]

  • Basal Encephalocele

    Sagittal ultrasonogram through the fetal skull shows a small occipital encephalocele.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] associated with a defect in the calvarium Treatment and prognosis The overall prognosis is variable dependent on severity and other associations (presence of hydrocephalus, microcephaly[radiopaedia.org] Treatment and prognosis The prognosis is variable depending on the presence of associated anomalies and presence of microcephaly (carries a much poorer prognosis).[radiopaedia.org]

  • Nasal Encephalocele

    (abnormally small head), ataxia (uncoordinated movement of the voluntary muscles, such as those involved in walking and reaching), developmental delay, vision problems, mental[calsinus.com] A baby with a large occipital encephalocele.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] (abnormally small head) Paralysis In rare cases, a small encephalocele in the nasal cavity can remain undetected for years, even into adulthood.[upmc.com]

  • Cranial Meningocele

    Some of the symptoms seen in this condition include hydrocephalus (build up of CSF in the brain), paralysis of the limbs, microcephaly (small head size), ataxia (uncontrolled[news-medical.net] Sagittal ultrasonogram through the fetal skull shows a small occipital encephalocele.[emedicine.medscape.com] Treatment and prognosis The prognosis is variable depending on the presence of associated anomalies and presence of microcephaly (carries a much poorer prognosis).[radiopaedia.org]

  • Aprosencephaly and Cerebellar Dysgenesis

    Bijlsma Abstract Atelencephalic microcephaly is a lethal form of abnormal cerebral development.[link.springer.com] Occipital encephalocele often contains vascular structures and is associated with Meckel-Gruber syndrome (autosomal recessive condition associated with occipital encephalocele[sites.google.com] The term refers to individual with an exceptionally small head. The reference entry is from the "Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary," published by F.A. Davis Co.[connection.ebscohost.com]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    In addition, our patient displayed primary microcephaly, not previously reported associated with fukutin mutations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Occipital encephalocele can also occur.[rarediseases.org] […] report different compound heterozygous POMT1 mutations in four unrelated families that result in a less severe phenotype than WWS, characterized by CMD with calf hypertrophy, microcephaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cystic Kidney Disease

    Keywords: Meckel-Gruber syndrome, occipital encephalocele, polycystic kidney, polydactyly How to cite this article: Panduranga C, Kangle R, Badami R, Patil PV.[ruralneuropractice.com] Other inconstant features include fascial cleft, microcephaly, cerebellar and cerebral hypoplasia, hydrocephalus, sloping forehead, congenital heart disease and pulmonary[article.sciencepublishinggroup.com] Typical clinical signs are an occipital encephalocele, microphthalmia, bilateral dysplastic cystic kidneys and other malformations of the CNS.[neocyst.de]

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