Create issue ticket

3,628 Possible Causes for Microcephaly (2-3 SD), Nystagmus, Ocular Muscle Palsies

Did you mean: Microcephaly (2-3 SD, Nystagmus, Ocular Muscle Palsies

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    Microcephaly (-3 to -4 SD below the mean) has been reported in a few affected individuals. Life span.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] extensor plantar reflexes, distal muscle wasting, a distal sensorimotor neuropathy, a distal sensorimotor neuropathy predominant in the legs, and horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Short stature (height just below the 2 nd centile) is a feature in a few affected individuals. Deep tendon reflexes in the lower extremities tend to be brisk.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    . - Ocular: pupillary changes. Extraocular muscle palsy; gaze palsy: nystagmus. Hypothalamus.[en.wikipedia.org] An examination revealed spontaneous upbeat nystagmus ( Video 1 ), gaze-evoked nystagmus ( Video 2 ), and gait ataxia. She had no ophthalmoplegia.[nejm.org] Cranial nerve VI (abducens) palsy causes weakness of the lateral rectus muscle and results in medial deviation of the eye, decreased abduction, and horizontal diplopia.[clinicaladvisor.com]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    Initial examination revealed nystagmus evoked by a bilateral horizontal gaze with left side dysmetria.[jkna.org] Physical examination showed restricted eye movement without nystagmus, bilateral flattening of forehead and nasolabial folds, and positive eyelash sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On examination, there was ophthalmoplegia, nystagmus, areflexia and lower limb and gait ataxia.[eprints.whiterose.ac.uk]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] time and space Symptoms symptoms of disease are based on the systems involved psych fatigue, depression, mood disorders central nervous system optic neuritis, diplopia, nystagmus[orthobullets.com] The most frequent sign is symmetrical horizontal jerking nystagmus. Also common is lateral rectus weakness.[patient.info]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Machado-Joseph Disease

    The frequency of nystagmus was calculated for the 3 groups. RESULTS: Nystagmus was present in 88% of the MJD patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electronystagmographic (ENG) abnormalities included bilateral gaze nystagmus, saccadic pursuit and failure of fixation suppression suggestive of cerebellar-brainstem pathology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The shared features include nystagmus in the horizontal direction, orbicularis oculi contractions, and bilateral esotropia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Blepharofacioskeletal Syndrome

    […] at 2y)SmitheLemlieOpitzsyndrome[Porter, 2008]Short Stature (8 SD) (7 SD) Microcephaly (3 SD) (3 SD) Failure to gain weight Low birth weight Skin abnormalities Transient non-pitting[dokument.tips] Syndromes and diseases associated with exophthalmos, ptosis, strabismus, nystagmus, glaucoma, cataracts, uveitis and optic atrophy are discussed in detail.[books.google.de] […] retardation Brachydactyly elbow wrist dysplasia Brachydactyly hypertension Brachydactyly long thumb type Brachydactyly mesomelia mental retardation heart defects Brachydactyly nystagmus[bioreference.net]

  • Strabismus

    […] the course of 6-12 months), eye muscle surgery can then be performed to eliminate the ocular misalignment and restore single vision.[pedseye.com] Ictal strabismus, sometimes associated with epileptic nystagmus, is an extremely rare epileptic phenomenon, suggestive of cortical involvement in monocular eye movement control[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Recently some degrees of stereopsis were reported in albinism patients with minimal clinical nystagmus, if any, in the absence of strabismus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Neuronal Intranuclear Inclusion Disease

    A pair of female identical twins exhibited slurred speech, nystagmus, and oculogyral spasms starting at age 11.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] well as levodopa responsiveness with rapid onset of dyskinesia, clues to the diagnosis of NIID in patients presenting with parkinsonism include the presence of gaze-evoked nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] nervous systems, leading to the impression of multisystem degeneration. 1 These features include parkinsonism, cerebellar ataxia, chorea, dystonia, gaze-evoked horizontal nystagmus[neurology.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

    Isolated third nerve palsy from mild closed head trauma. Arch Iran Med. 2012. 15: 583-4 18. Neetens A, Van Aerde F. Extra-ocular muscle palsy from minor head trauma.[surgicalneurologyint.com] Usually the nystagmus is described in the direction of the fast phase Nystagmus can be physiological (oculokinetic nystagmus i.e. when looking out the window of a fast train[oxfordmedicaleducation.com] Ocular motor palsy also can be classified based on (2) total palsy or partial paresis. Total palsy is full restriction of extraocular muscle in present.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Vertical Heterotropia

    The infranuclear pathway which comprises the cranial nerves and extra ocular muscles and can be affected by a variety of systemic diseases.[opticianonline.net] PATHOLOGY AND GENETICS OF MCDs Microcephaly Microcephaly, defined as a head circumference 2-3 SD below the mean, is a condition most frequently associated with subnormal intelligence[neuropathology-web.org] This cycloversion/vertical vergence helps damp the cyclovertical nystagmus (a cyclovertical “nystagmus blockage” phenomenon), aiding vision in the fixing eye.[jebmh.com]

Similar symptoms