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520 Possible Causes for Microcephaly (2-3 SD), Ocular Muscle Palsies, Unilateral Facial Weakness

Did you mean: Microcephaly (2-3 SD, Ocular Muscle Palsies, Unilateral Facial Weakness

  • Bell's Palsy

    Complications In addition to ocular problems, complications of Bell’s palsy include: motor synkinesis (involuntary movement of muscles occurring at the same time as deliberate[nps.org.au] : eg, abrupt onset with complete, unilateral facial weakness at 24 to 72 hours, and, on the affected side, numbness or pain around the ear, a reduction in taste, and hypersensitivity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Its most alarming symptom is unilateral facial weakness, which can result in the inability to close the eyelids, smile, or whistle.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Abstract Purpose of Review This article summarizes the pathologic features of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other inflammatory demyelinating diseases and discusses neuropathologic studies that have yielded novel insights into potential mechanisms of demyelination. Recent Findings The pathologic hallmark of MS consists[…][doi.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Its main symptoms, which the ophthalmologist may encounter, are ptosis, diplopia, variable extra-ocular muscle palsies or incomitant strabismus, and external ophthalmoplegia[eyewiki.aao.org] Essentially any pattern of dysfunctional ocular movement may develop so that isolated muscle palsies or total immobility of the eyes will accrue, sometimes mimicking other[myasthenia.puhs.org] Other common ocular signs are incomitant strabismus, external opthalmoplegia, mimicking motor cranial nerve palsies. The pupils are never involved in MG.[eyewiki.aao.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

    Isolated third nerve palsy from mild closed head trauma. Arch Iran Med. 2012. 15: 583-4 18. Neetens A, Van Aerde F. Extra-ocular muscle palsy from minor head trauma.[surgicalneurologyint.com] IIIrd nerve palsy Down and out eye fixed dilated pupil Horner’s syndrome Ptosis anhidrosis miosis Myaesthenia Gravis Bilateral facial weakness proximal weakness with fatiguability[oxfordmedicaleducation.com] Ocular motor palsy also can be classified based on (2) total palsy or partial paresis. Total palsy is full restriction of extraocular muscle in present.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    weakness.2 Signs MFS classically presents with three signs: ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia.[eyewiki.org] Typically, the external ophthalmoplegia observed in MFS is bilateral and symmetrical, but rare unilateral cases have also been reported.[eyewiki.org] Less common symptoms include consciousness disturbance, blepharoptosis, limb weakness, bulbar dysfunction, dysphagia, photophobia, dizziness, blurry vision, headache, and facial[eyewiki.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Cerebral Arteriosclerosis

    […] that control eye movement ophthalmoplegic migraine form of migraine characterized by periorbital pain and ocular cranial nerve palsy (usually the third nerve and including[strokecenter.org] […] opening pressure cerebrospinal fluid pressure obtained upon entering the subarachnoid space by spinal puncture ophthalmoplegia paralysis or weakness of one or more of the muscles[strokecenter.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Smith Lemli Opitz Syndrome

    The presenting symptoms are unilateral facial weakness/paralysis of the facial muscles, with difficulty in closing or opening the eyelids associated with impaired taste and[journals.lww.com]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    Microcephaly (-3 to -4 SD below the mean) has been reported in a few affected individuals. Life span.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Short stature (height just below the 2 nd centile) is a feature in a few affected individuals. Deep tendon reflexes in the lower extremities tend to be brisk.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Unilateral Facial Weakness
  • Blepharofacioskeletal Syndrome

    […] at 2y)SmitheLemlieOpitzsyndrome[Porter, 2008]Short Stature (8 SD) (7 SD) Microcephaly (3 SD) (3 SD) Failure to gain weight Low birth weight Skin abnormalities Transient non-pitting[dokument.tips] […] observed and no crises were reported over time.Table 1Clinical, imaging ndings in the study patients compared to SmitheLemlieOpitzsyndrome.Feature Patient 1(at 4y)Patient 2([dokument.tips]

    Missing: Unilateral Facial Weakness
  • Botulism

    Paralysis of the extra ocular muscles innervated through cranial nerves III (occulomotor), IV (trochlear), and VI (abducens).[physio-pedia.com] Food borne botulism symptoms develops 12-36 hours after ingestion of food containing the toxin [5] The symptoms begin with cranial nerve palsies.[physio-pedia.com]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)