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110 Possible Causes for Microcephaly (2-3 SD), Sclerotic Calvarium

Did you mean: Microcephaly (2-3 SD, Sclerotic Calvarium

  • Sclerosteosis Type 2

    calvarium, enlarged and sclerotic mandible, sclerotic vertebral end plates and pedicles, sclerotic pelvic bones, cortical hyperostosis of long bones, radial deviation of[iofbonehealth.org] Poor growth (1 patient), microcephaly (-2 to -3 SD) (in some patients), large fleshy earlobes, hypertelorism, upslanting palpebral fissures, broad nasal bridge and tip, tented[iofbonehealth.org] […] stature, increased head circumference, facial asymmetry due to facial nerve palsy, frontal bossing, prognathism, hearing loss, hypertelorism, wide and dense clavicles-ribs, sclerotic[iofbonehealth.org]

  • Fibroma

    Rare cases involving the calvarium/skull base 25-27 , and mandible 28, as well as the sternum 29 have been reported.[radiopaedia.org] Plain radiograph lobulated or oval eccentric lytic lesion well defined sclerotic margin: 85% often expansile, with long axis parallel to long axis of long bone no periosteal[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Autosomal Dominant Prognathism

    calvarium, enlarged and sclerotic mandible, sclerotic vertebral end plates and pedicles, sclerotic pelvic bones, cortical hyperostosis of long bones, radial deviation of[iofbonehealth.org] […] stature, increased head circumference, facial asymmetry due to facial nerve palsy, frontal bossing, prognathism, hearing loss, hypertelorism, wide and dense clavicles-ribs, sclerotic[iofbonehealth.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Bone Necrosis

    The radiographic appearance is that of a mixed lytic and sclerotic area within the calvarium.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Avascular Necrosis

    The radiographic appearance is that of a mixed lytic and sclerotic area within the calvarium.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Anteroposterior radiographic view of the top of the calvarium in a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism.[emedicine.com] In the skull, areas of decreased radiopacity are intermingled with sclerotic radiopaque areas, resulting in a classic appearance called the salt-and-pepper skull (see the[emedicine.com]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Fibrous Dysplasia

    Pagetoid lesions often involve the calvarium. Sclerotic lesions are homogenously dense, while cystic lesions show radiolucency surrounded by a dense rim.[oap-journals.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • TORCH Syndrome

    The principal neuroimaging findings in CZS include microcephaly (ie, head circumference 2-3 SD less than mean at a given age), brain parenchymal calcifications (mostly punctate[doi.org] The principal neuroimaging findings in CZS include microcephaly (ie, head circumference 23 SD less than mean at a given age), brain parenchymal calcifications (mostly punctate[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sclerotic Calvarium
  • Schwartz-Lelek Syndrome

    Phenotype Impaired vision, hearing loss, and facial nerve paralysis, metaphyseal flaring, hyperostosis and sclerosis of the cranial bones, sclerotic skull base, sclerotic[iofbonehealth.org] calvarium, obliteration of sinuses, thick bony wedge over the bridge of the nose and glabella (first sign), bony paranasal bossing (often regresses with age), normal stature[iofbonehealth.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Chondromyxoid Fibroma

    Rare cases involving the calvarium/skull base 25-27 , and mandible 28 , as well as the sternum 29 have been reported.[radiopaedia.org] Plain radiograph lobulated or oval eccentric lytic lesion well defined sclerotic margin: 85% often expansile, with long axis parallel to long axis of long bone no periosteal[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)

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