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92 Possible Causes for Microphthalmos, MRI Scan of the Brain Abnormal, Myopia

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] abnormalities such as crossed eyes (strabismus), cataracts, nearsightedness (myopia), abnormal eye movements, and, in severe cases, retinal detachment and abnormally small eyes (microphthalmos[] Compared to WWS patients, these patients have milder structural brain abnormalities, and eye abnormalities were absent, except for myopia in some cases.[] MRI scans show white matter changes; the children affected have normal intelligence unless there is there is a structural brain abnormality - this can happen in a small percentage[]

  • Laurence Moon Syndrome

    […] disabilities) 759.89 Marchesani (-Weill) syndrome (brachymorphism and ectopia lentis) 759.89 Meyer-Schwickerath and Weyers syndrome (dysplasia oculodentodigitalis) 759.89 Microphthalmos[] Glaucoma • Stargardt’s Syndrome • Retinal Detachment • Optic Neuritis • Diabetic Retinopathy • Retinitis Pigmentosa • Optic Nerve Atrophy • Cataracts • Usher’s Syndrome • Myopia[] abnormalities on volumetric MRI scans in 21 patients with Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), BMC Medical Genetics, 12, 1, (2011).[]

  • Peters Anomaly

    […] reports are described to illustrate the unusual occurrence of dominant inheritance of Peters' anomaly and the concomitant occurrence of Peters' anomaly with colobomatous microphthalmos[] Combined ocular anomalies were: microphthalmos (9x), myopia (4x), aniridia (2x), cataract (2x).[] T2-weighted MRI brain scan of twin II, showing bilateral microphthalmia with abnormal dysmorphic changes in the anterior chamber.[]

  • Oculodentodigital Dysplasia

    To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on ODDD associated with relative anterior microphthalmos and myopia.[] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans of patients' brains revealed abnormalities in both white and gray matter (Loddenkemper et al., 2002 ; Amador[] @article{b70d58e8f1ac42ecb1556888901df492, title "Relative anterior microphthalmos in oculodentodigital dysplasia", abstract "Here, we report a patient with oculodentodigital[]

  • Non-Syndromic Ocular Stickler Syndrome Type 1 

    This condition is generally unilateral and associated with microphthalmos, and is neither familial nor hereditary.[] It is often associated with pathologic myopia and in most cases leads to visual impairment or blindness if untreated.[] This subject (1-IV:3) also had a fluctuating reduction in luteinizing hormone level but a cerebral MRI scan demonstrated no abnormalities of the pituitary or cerebral brain[]

  • Hydrophthalmos

    It is also the chromosomal abnormality most commonly associated with severe ocular defects, including microphthalmos, iris coloboma, and retinal dysplasia.[] Reduced vision can also occur from corneal edema or progressive myopia and/or astigmatism.[] MRI scan of the brain may show white matter abnormalities, particularly in the periventricular area.[]

  • Anophthalmia - Microphthalmia Syndrome

    Diagnosis Code Q11.2 ICD-10: Q11.2 Short Description: Microphthalmos Long Description: Microphthalmos This is the 2019 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code Q11.2 Valid[] AD - 154600 MARFAN SYNDROME Ectopia lentis, myopia AD FBN1 #154700 MASS SYNDROME (OVERLAP CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE) Myopia - FBN1 #604308 MECKEL SYNDROME Iris colobma, hypertelorism[] Postnatal Diagnosis It can be conducted through: MRI and CT scan These tests are used for scanning the orbits and the brain.[]

  • Cross Syndrome

    A, Photograph of the eye in Patient 1 showing the microphthalmos and spastic ectro.pion. B, Ocular anomalies in Patient 1.[] 0000023 Microcephaly Abnormally small skull Decreased circumference of cranium Decreased size of skull Reduced head circumference Small head circumference [ more ] 0000252 Myopia[] Studies of the brain in AS, using MRI or CT scans, have not shown any defect suggesting a site for a laughter-inducing abnormality.[]

  • Homocystinuria

    […] been noted in four cases,4*18 and optic atrophy apparently unrelated to glaucoma has been seen in two others.3*14 One case each of keratitis, iritis, retinal detachment and microphthalmos[] Further investigations disclosed lens subluxation in association with myopia, mild scoliosis and osteopenia.[] Cerebral atrophy and bilateral hyperintensity in the deep white matter were visible in MRI scans of the patients' brains; those were significant findings in the three patients[]

  • Microphthalmia Syndromic 6

    In most cases, both eyes are affected, and the eyes maybe of different size (bilateral, asymmetrical microphthalmos).[] Low-set ears ; Macrotia ; Malar flattening ; Microcephaly ; Microcornea ; Microglossia ; Micrognathia ; Micropenis ; Microphthalmia ; Midface retrusion ; Muscular hypotonia ; Myopia[] , MRI, magnetic resonance angiography, audiometry, brainstem evoked response audiometry, and fundoscopy need to be performed to detect other associated abnormalities of brain[]

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