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149 Possible Causes for Midline Liver

  • Heterotaxia

    (a) Abdominal CT scan of an adult with polysplenia shows a bridging or midline liver, right-sided stomach, and two splenules (arrows).[doi.org] Abdominal and pelvic CT revealed polysplenia, midline liver, situs ambiguous, and interrupted inferior vena cava with azygous continuation (Figures 2 and 3).[appliedradiology.com] At chest radiography, the cardiac apex typically appears discordant from that of the stomach and liver. The stomach may also be midline and small (microgastria).[doi.org]

  • Cardiac Anomalies-Heterotaxy Syndrome

    In addition, individuals with right atrial isomerism develop asplenia, a midline liver, malrotation of the small intestine and the presence of two morphologic right lungs.[en.wikipedia.org] The liver and gallbladder can be midline or right-sided.[appliedradiology.com] We describe here the case of a 14 year old boy diagnosed with asplenia, dextrocardia with double outlet right ventricle and midline liver.[japi.org]

  • Asplenia Syndrome

    In addition, individuals with right atrial isomerism develop asplenia, a midline liver, malrotation of the small intestine and the presence of two morphologic right lungs.[en.wikipedia.org] Other abnormalities include midline liver, malrotation and malfixation of the bowel.[contact.org.uk] Other abnormalities reported include a midline or transverse liver, gall bladder and pancreas malformations, three lobes in both lungs, as well as an inferior vena cava that[symptoma.com]

  • Levocardia

    liver, a midline positioned gall bladder, hepatic veins with unusual drainage into the IVC ( Fig. 3 ), and a prominent pancreatic head with associated absence of body and[synapse.koreamed.org] The stomach and liver are typically midline and congenital heart disease occurs in 50-100% of cases [2].[fetalultrasound.com] liver, a left-sided inferior vena cava connecting to the right atrium, multiple splenic masses in the abdominal right upper quadrant, and aneurysmal dilatation of a splenic[synapse.koreamed.org]

  • Mesocardia

    liver polysplenia left-sided stomach Case Discussion This is a case of heterotaxy syndrome with complex congenital heart disease. 1 article features images from this case[radiopaedia.org] The stomach and liver are typically midline and congenital heart disease occurs in 50-100% of cases [2].[fetalultrasound.com] […] and stomach -panc & spleen usually on the same side of vertebrae as stomach -Abd situs ambiguus w R isomerism-- midline liver w mirror image R liver lobes; & malrotatated[sites.google.com]

  • Congenitally Uncorrected Transposition of the Great Arteries

    Other associated abnormalities include bilateral trilobed lungs, midline liver, and asplenia, as well as situs inversus affecting other organs.[genecards.org]

  • Microgastria, congenital

    Note the midline liver (black arrow), enlarged duodenum (white arrow), and small atrophic stomach. Fig 4.[kundoc.com] A transverse liver is noted, with the nasogastric tube ending in a right upper quadrant almost midline stomach.[nature.com] Sonographic examination of the chest and abdomen showed a persistent atriovedtricular canal, a midline liver, asplenia. and an annular pancreas.[kundoc.com]

  • Congenital Microgastria

    Note the midline liver (black arrow), enlarged duodenum (white arrow), and small atrophic stomach. Fig 4.[kundoc.com] A transverse liver is noted, with the nasogastric tube ending in a right upper quadrant almost midline stomach.[nature.com] Sonographic examination of the chest and abdomen showed a persistent atriovedtricular canal, a midline liver, asplenia. and an annular pancreas.[kundoc.com]

  • Situs Inversus Abdominalis

    The stomach and liver are typically midline and congenital heart disease occurs in 50-100% of cases [2].[fetalultrasound.com] We report a case of right pulmonary atelectasis in which the heart, spleen and liver were located right of midline.[archbronconeumol.org] In these patients, the liver may be midline, the spleen absent or multiple, the atrial morphology unclear, and the bowel malrotated.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Pentalogy of Cantrell

    Pentalogy of Cantrell was diagnosed in a fetus at 14 weeks of gestation, on routine two-dimensional sonographic examination with Doppler imaging, which revealed a midline[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Autopsy findings revealed an omphalocele with herniation of the bowel and liver and a midline sternal defect with ectopia cordis.[appliedradiology.com] Figure 2: Fetal MRI using single shot turbo spin echo, shows the heart in an ectopic position (*) and eventration of a part of the liver at the midline (arrow).[omicsonline.org]

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