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33 Possible Causes for Mild Cerebellar and Brainstem Atrophy

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 8

    Help Watch the 'search for a disease' video tutorial Procedures: Orphanet inventory of rare diseases Orphanet maintains the Orphanet nomenclature of rare diseases, essential in improving the visibility of rare diseases in health and research information systems: each disease in Orphanet is attributed a unique and[…][]

  • Oculomotor Apraxia

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebellar atrophy and mild brainstem atrophy. Electromyography showed signs of axonal neuropathy.[] MRI may show cerebellar atrophy, mild brainstem atrophy, and cortical atrophy in advanced cases of AOA1, cerebellar atrophy, loss of Purkinje cells, and demyelination in AOA2[] We describe two siblings, born to consanguineous parents, who had clinical features of cerebellar ataxia, tremor, dysarthria, oculomotor apraxia, and motor peripheral neuropathy[]

  • Pallidopyramidal Syndrome

    […] paraparesis; Hyperreflexia; Extensor plantar responses; Pyramidal signs; Dementia; Generalized cerebral, cerebellar, and brainstem atrophy, progressive; Atrophy of pyramids[] Central nervous system]; Parkinsonism; Hypokinesia; Akinesia; Mask-like facies; Rigidity; Anarthria; Festinate gait; Facial-faucial-finger mini-myoclonus (FFF); Spasticity; Mild[]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Paraplegia Type 32

    […] dysraphia, and clinically asymptomatic cerebellar atrophy.[] Here, we performed a genome-wide linkage analysis on a consanguineous family presenting an autosomal recessive form of HSP associated with mild mental retardation, brainstem[]

  • Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy

    There were no significant differences in RT and MT performances in patients with mild-moderate versus those with severe cerebellar atrophy as assessed by inspection of their[] OPCA patients with severe versus mild-moderate atrophy evaluated by 3 measures, i.e., brainstem, brachium pontis and fourth ventricle ratios, presented few significantly lengthened[]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    Brainstem or cerebellar signs or even reversible coma may occur.[] Motor impairment may range from only mild clumsiness to a spastic paraplegia.[] Visual impairment can be seen; ophthalmological exam may show bilateral visual loss, optic atrophy, and centrocecal scotomata.[]

  • Ataxia

    Brain MRI showed cerebellar and brainstem atrophy with a hot cross bun sign ( Figure 9-3 13 ). She had no response to levodopa treatment.[] Severe appendicular, gait, and truncal ataxia was noted, and she also demonstrated mild cogwheel rigidity and bradykinesia.[]

  • Leukodystrophy

    Mild cerebellar atrophy was seen in two children. Brainstem and basal ganglia were normal in all the children.[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1

    In this patient, magnetic resonance imaging revealed marked brainstem and cerebellar volume loss and mild supratentorial generalized volume loss.[] […] with the SCA1 mutation and a dominantly inherited progressive ataxia in which autopsy examination of 1 member showed neuropathological changes typical of multiple system atrophy[] Positron emission tomography with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose revealed widespread hypometabolism in a pattern found in sporadic multiple system atrophy and not in dominantly inherited[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 19

    Imaging studies of cases of SCA 6 usually reflect the commonly pure cerebellar phenotype, demonstrated cerebellar atrophy without brainstem or other extra-cerebellar abnormalities[] […] number of case reports have described additional clinical manifestations in patients with a molecular diagnosis of SCA 6, such as episodic ataxia, dystonia, parkinsonism, mild[]

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