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394 Possible Causes for Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia, Occipital Focal Spikes, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Frontal Bilaterally

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    .  Previously called early-benign childhood seizures with occipital spikes  Childhood onset (peak 5 years).  Focal autonomic seizures or autonomic status epilepticus, frequently[slideshare.net] hypoplasia-hydranencephaly syndrome Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, mild type Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency[orpha.net] Benign Rolandic epilepsy benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes benign focal epilepsy of childhood: Epilepsy characterized by partial (focal) seizures, often[childneurologyfoundation.org]

  • West Syndrome

    Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed mild cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, high-signal-intensity areas in the white matter, and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    Rask and Fernando Torres, Clinical Manifestations in Children with Occipital Spike‐Wave Paroxysms, Epilepsia, 33, 4, (667-674), (2005). R. J.[doi.org] Erdly, Long-term EEG-video-audio monitoring: computer detection of focal EEG seizure patterns, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 82, 1, (1), (1992).[doi.org]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    The EEG signature of IGE is bisynchronous, symmetric, and generalized spike-wave complex; although focal, irregular, and so called "fragments" of discharges are not uncommon[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other characteristic EEG features include polyspikes, polyspike-wave discharges, occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activity, and photoparoxysmal response.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a type of epilepsy that starts in in childhood or the teen years. People who have it wake up from sleep with quick, jerking movements of their arms and legs. These are called myoclonic jerks. Even if you don’t have epilepsy, you’ve probably had these jerks that jolt you awake,[…][webmd.com]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Encephalopathy

    *Frontal dominance (FIRDA) --non specific ,diffuse encephalopathy, if focal ?[slideshare.net] *Repetitive and fairly stereotyped waveforms appearing at regular intervals, sharps/spike waves or complex discharges.[slideshare.net] […] frontal lobe lesion *OIRDA --occipital dominant ,seen in children as in absence seizure *TIRDA– temporal lobe epilepsy 21.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Photic stimulation is a recognized cortical precipitant of GSW ( Niedermeyer, 1996 ) and focal occipital spike and slow wave ( Ricci and Vigevano, 1993 ).[academic.oup.com] Previous clinical and EEG studies show a relationship between generalized and focal spike–wave discharges in some situations.[academic.oup.com] Furthermore, the electrographic findings in both syndromes include GSW or occipital spikes. This overlap may be due to shared genetic determinants.[academic.oup.com]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia