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14 Possible Causes for Mild Rib Sclerosis, Periostitis

  • Congenital Cortical Hyperostoses

    rib sclerosis, mild clavicular sclerosis, mild vertebral body sclerosis, metacarpal and metatarsal diaphyseal endosteal sclerosis.[iofbonehealth.org] MRI Can show periostitis and soft tissue edema.[radiopaedia.org] Physiological periostitis: Reporting of a medical conundrum![wajradiology.org]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] Previously unreported features include vertebral fractures, periosteal cloaking, coxa vara, and extraskeletal features (muscular hypotonia, cardiac abnormalities).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some fractures were preceded by periosteal reactions and prodromal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Osteosclerosis

    rib sclerosis, mild clavicular sclerosis, mild vertebral body sclerosis, metacarpal and metatarsal diaphyseal endosteal sclerosis.[iofbonehealth.org] Intramembranous ossification involves a balance of periosteal and endosteal bone formation.[dx.doi.org] No periosteal reaction or other soft-tissue abnormalities were apparent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Osteoclastoma

    Sclerosis and cortical thickening were present in multiple ribs bilaterally. Both clavicles showed similar changes, the abnormalities being more prominent on the left.[academic.oup.com] Mild periosteal reaction along the lateral margin of the lesion is present. Overlying cortex appears thinned. Loading images...[radiopaedia.org] At this stage, but not before, a periosteal reaction in the form of a thin periosteal accretion of new bone may be delineated.[pubs.rsna.org]

  • Rib Fracture

    Secondly, acquired fractures can show bone sclerosis in the rib adjacent to the defect and ineffective callus formation.[bjsm.bmj.com] […] radiographs in as many as 50% of cases As the rib ends become displaced over time and bony callus begins to form, the fracture may become more evident on follow-up examination Periosteal[learningradiology.com] […] represents a fracture hematoma, fluid nature may be ascertained through careful adjustment of gain settings and dynamic variation of the observed shape with pressure associated periosteal[radiopaedia.org]

  • Skeletal Dysplasia

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] However, we detect strong RSPRY1 protein localization in murine embryonic osteoblasts and periosteal cells during primary endochondral ossification, consistent with a role[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In these patients, pathogenesis involves a defective endochondral ossification while periosteal and membranous ossification are normal [ 80 ].[intechopen.com]

  • Craniodiaphyseal Dysplasia

    There are marked thickening and sclerosis of the skull and whole facial bones. The ribs are also thickened and sclerotic.[iofbonehealth.org] In addition, expression of SOST is delayed or suppressed; resulting in active WNT signaling and enhanced periosteal bone formation, and the combined outcome is generalized[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include the following conditions: Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia Chronic infantile neurologic cutaneous articular syndrome Sterile multifocal osteomyelitis, periostitis[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Shwachman Syndrome

    There is mild platyspondyly and generalised shortening of ribs and long bones.[bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com] Bone density, specific fracture types indicative of CAN (ie, rib, epiphyseal-metaphyseal, vertebral compression, periostitis, and lateral clavicle), patterns of distribution[the-medical-dictionary.com] There is mild metaphyseal sclerosis and irregularity of the proximal humeri (black arrows).[bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com]

  • Achondroplasia

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] Periosteal and intramembranous ossification is normal. Tubular bones are short and broad, reflecting normal periosteal growth.[emedicine.medscape.com] Periosteal ossification is normal or excessive so that the cortex of the metaphysic appears to embrace the adjacent part of the epiphysis.[boneandspine.com]

  • Pseudoachondroplasia

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] Periosteal and membranous ossification are normal.[slideshare.net] The changes involve areas of bone sclerosis intermingled with areas of resorption.[doi.org]

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