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62 Possible Causes for Mild to Moderate Learning Difficulties, Scoliosis

  • Scoliosis

    […] to moderate.[] In late-onset infantile scoliosis, 90% females are affected. In idiopathic scoliosis, females are at a greater risk. The pathophysiology of scoliosis is still unclear.[] February 17, 2012 By Leave a Comment What is Scoliosis? Scoliosis is a medical condition where an individual’s spine is abnormally curved.[]

  • DiGeorge Syndrome

    Survivors are likely to be mentally retarded, however, with mild to moderate learning disabilities, and to have other developmental difficulties, including short stature as[] The remaining 2 patients developed a double thoracic and lumbar scoliosis with increased thoracic kyphosis.[] She had congenital heart disease, dysmorphic facies, thymic hypoplasia, immunodeficiency, velopharyngeal insufficiency, scoliosis, and a hearing deficit.[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 2

    LEA Type learning disabilities Mencap microcephaly mild Minicom Moderate Learning Difficulties Mucopolysaccharidosis Multiple Learning Difficulties National newsletter Non-maintained[] Figure 2: showing dorso lumbar scoliosis with anterior breaking at D12, L1,2,3 with ovoid shaped vertebra. Figure 3: shows X ray skull with calvarial thickening.[] […] visceral enlargement with hepatosplenomegaly (manifested by a protuberant abdomen); skeletal changes with metacarpal and vertebral processes evident on radiographs, and scoliosis[]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    Learning difficulties may be mild, moderate or severe.[] CONCLUSIONS: The natural history of scoliosis, respiratory function and walking ability in UCMD patients were characterised.[] When comparing patients with and without scoliosis, the increases in APCF and UPCF were more pronounced in those without scoliosis.[]

  • Prader-Willi Syndrome

    […] to moderate learning difficulties reduced vomiting curvature of the spine.[] The literature dealing with scoliosis surgery in PWS consists of only few case reports.[] Developmental delay, including mild to moderate intellectual disability and learning difficulties.[]

  • Sotos Syndrome

    Learning, language and concentration difficulties are also common, as is mild to moderate cognitive impairment.[] This retrospective study reviewed five patients with scoliosis associated with cerebral gigantism (Sotos syndrome).[] […] children with profound learning difficulties requiring life-long care.[]

  • Becker Muscular Dystrophy

    Sometimes, there is mild to moderate intellectual disability and learning difficulties as well.[] Progressive scoliosis and contracture formation may require surgical intervention.[] Serious life-threatening complications may ultimately develop including disease of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy) and breathing (respiratory) difficulties.[]

  • Kabuki Syndrome

    Unlike KS1, developmental delay and learning disability are generally moderate-severe in boys but mild-moderate in girls with KS2.[] A patient with Kabuki syndrome had revision surgery for scoliosis.[] The patient presented with the characteristic facial features of KS and some skeletal and neurological anomalies including a butterfly vertebrae with scoliosis, cerebral atrophy[]

  • Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome

    Most people have moderate to severe learning difficulties, although a few have mild learning difficulties (see entry Learning Disability ).[] Scoliosis has not been reported as one of the extra-cranial manifestations of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome type 2.[] […] junction bony abnormalities (occipito-C1 condyle subluxation and posterior C2-C3 arches fusion), Chiari I malformation, spinal cord syrinx, low-lying conus medullaris, and scoliosis[]

  • Skeletal Dysplasia

    The features associated with this condition include mild to moderate learning difficulties, short stature, unique facial features, small head and skeletal abnormalities including[] It is characterized by progressive weakness leading to loss of ambulation, respiratory insufficiency, cardiomyopathy, and scoliosis.[] Individual skeletal surgery for scoliosis and hip dislocation should be considered. Visually significant lens opacities may require surgery.[]

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