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386 Possible Causes for Mild to Moderate Mental Retardation

  • Microdeletion 3q29 Syndrome

    General pathology Genetic and developmental anomalies Chromosomal diseases Constitutional deletions 3q29 microdeletion syndrome Synopsis mild-to-moderate mental retardation[] The phenotype includes mild-to-moderate mental retardation, with only slightly dysmorphic facial features that are similar in most patients: a long and narrow face, short[]

  • Anemia

    G. ( 1999 ) Early childhood anemia and mild or moderate mental retardation. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 69 : 115 -119. Husaini, M. L., Karyadi, L., Husaini, Y.[]

  • Mental Retardation

    X-linked form of mental retardation (mild to moderate mental retardation), associated with tall, marfanoid stature, distinct facial dysmorphism and behavioural problems.[] Mental Retardation (Developmental Disabilities) Index Mental Retardation: Mild Mental Retardation Moderate Mental Retardation Sever Mental Retardation Profound Mental Retardation[] This section describes the health states of individuals living with mild, moderate, or severe mental retardation.[]

  • Profound Mental Retardation

    […] equivalent to DSM classifications for mild and moderate mental retardation, respectively.[] The DSM-IV classifies four different degrees of mental retardation: mild, moderate, severe, and profound.[] What are the infancy signs of mental retardation? It is difficult to tell apart mild and moderate mental retardation in infancy.[]

  • Kabuki Syndrome

    KS is a congenital condition characterized by multiple anomalies, especially of the face, and is usually associated with mild to moderate mental retardation.[] There is multisystem involvement of anomalies, including 1) unique facial features, 2) postnatal growth retardation, 3) mild-to-moderate mental retardation, 4) skeletal anomalies[] Given that most patients with this syndrome suffer from only mild to moderate mental retardation, surgical correction can be considered in instances of KS with craniosynostosis[]

  • Pregnancy

    Although severe deficiency is now rare, mild to moderate deficiency continues to be a problem ( Andersson 2007 ).[] Severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy results in pregnancy loss, mental retardation and cretinism ( Dunn 1993 ).[]

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Early childhood anemia and mild or moderate mental retardation. Am J Clin Nutr 1999 ;69: 115 – 9. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI 98. Cantwell, RJ.[]

  • Hypomyelination - Congenital Cataract

    mental retardation.[] Mental retardation ranged from mild to moderate. Peripheral neuropathy was demonstrated by neurophysiological studies in 9/10.[] […] clinical picture was characterized by bilateral congenital cataract, developmental delay, and slowly progressive neurological impairment with spasticity, cerebellar ataxia, and mild-to-moderate[]

  • Febrile Infection-Related Epilepsy Syndrome

    Regarding cognitive function, 26% of patients had normal intelligence quotient, 26% had learning disability and mild to moderate mental retardation, and 48% had severe mental[] Only 12 survivors (18%) were cognitively normal; 11 (16%) had borderline cognition, 10 (14%) mild mental retardation, 16 (24%) moderate mental retardation, 8 (12%) severe[]

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    […] prognathism Stature is tall and there may be skeletal abnormalities including: o clinodactyly o elbow abnormalities o radioulnar synostosis Mild to moderate mental retardation[] Individuals with 47,XXXY can have mild to moderate mental retardation along with the sexual characteristics and may have radioulnar synostosis.[] […] to moderate mental retardation (IQ 40-60) Behavior is usually passive and cooperative Genitalia may be small, and gynecomastia is frequently reported 49,XXXXY (4 X chromosomes[]

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