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32 Possible Causes for Mitral Valve Insufficiency, Short PR Interval, Sudden Cardiac Death

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a severe burden of modern medicine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include congestive heart failure, cardiogenic shock, acute mitral valve insufficiency (due to papillary muscle ischemia, infarction, or rupture), ventricular free wall[clinicaladvisor.com] Primary outcomes Sudden cardiac death.[doi.org]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    The mitral valve also may be distorted by the thickened septum, leading to mitral insufficiency.[columbiasurgery.org] The disease affects at least 0.2% of the population worldwide and is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death in young people and competitive athletes because of fatal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PR interval ( First-degree (PR 0.21 s, not shortening with hyperventilation), second-degree, or third-degree atrioventricular block To assess whether the changing pattern[doi.org]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Crossref PubMed Virmani R, Burke AP, Farb A, Sudden cardiac death, Cardiovasc Pathol, 2001;10:275–82.[uscjournal.com] cardiac death may occur.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although there is a potential risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with CAS, the prognostic value of CAS was not clear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Fabry Disease

    Cardiomyopathy develops in the sixth to eighth decade of life and is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy, hypertrophy of the interventricular septum, mitral valve[invitae.com] […] with increased risk of sudden cardiac death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PR interval) Arrhythmias, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (young adults) Red-purple, non-blanching vascular skin lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lown-Ganong-Levine Syndrome

    If not corrected quickly, the ventricles can fibrillate causing VF ( ventricular fibrillation ) – leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD).[dictionnaire.sensagent.leparisien.fr] Endocarditis - mitral valve ( regurgitation, prolapse, stenosis ) - aortic valve ( stenosis, insufficiency ) - pulmonary valve ( stenosis, insufficiency ) - tricuspid valve[wikidoc.org] The PR interval is short. Click here for a more detailed ECG ECG 3. Short PR interval in a 7 years-old boy.[metealpaslan.com]

  • Atrial Tachyarrhythmia with Short PR Interval

    If not corrected quickly, the ventricles can fibrillate causing VF ( ventricular fibrillation ) – leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD).[dictionnaire.sensagent.leparisien.fr] Endocarditis - mitral valve ( regurgitation , prolapse , stenosis ) - aortic valve ( stenosis , insufficiency ) - pulmonary valve ( stenosis , insufficiency ) - tricuspid[wikidoc.org] Five additional family members had short PR intervals with normal QRS, and eight other family members had borderline short PR intervals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    METHODS: Two cases of sudden cardiac death owing to ARVC were reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Young athletes have a higher risk of sudden cardiac death because they perform vigorous physical activity.[emoryhealthcare.org] Family anamnesis revealed a history of sudden cardiac death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ebstein Malformation

    insufficiency of aortic valve Q23.2 Congenital mitral stenosis Q23.3 Congenital mitral insufficiency Q23.4 Hypoplastic left heart syndrome Q23.8 Other congenital malformations[icd10data.com] Sudden cardiac death.[patient.info] The classic WPW ECG pattern consists of : A short PR interval (rapid AV conduction through the accessory pathway) Delta wave (initial slow ventricular activation due to fiber[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu]

  • Syncope

    cardiac death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] So here goes: W is Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome – look for a short PR interval or delta wave: O is obstructed AV pathway – look for 2nd or 3rd degree block: or axis deviation[resus.me] short PR: WPW long PR : AV conduction block narrow, deep QRS: HCM wide QRS Epsilon waves: arrhythmogenic RV hypertrophy wide QRS: Vtach,WPW, BBB QT interval: long QT syndrome[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Cardiac Arrest

    Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a sudden, unexpected death caused by a change in heart rhythm ( sudden cardiac arrest ).[webmd.com] Mitral insufficiency other than rheumatic, ischemic, or infective: emphasis on mitral valve prolapse. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 ; 1 :118–128.[doi.org] interval may identify a subgroup of patients with LV dysfunction, some of whom may benefit from dual-chamber pacing with a short(er) AV delay. 72 These same principles also[circ.ahajournals.org]

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