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368 Possible Causes for MRI Scan of the Brain Abnormal, Nystagmus

  • Stroke

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[] […] to identify abnormalities in the brain arteries (such as aneurysms) or other sources of bleeding, and structural MRI if this shows no cause.[] Know that cerebellar strokes also may cause vertigo, nausea and vomiting, headache, nystagmus, and slurred speech.[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    […] muscle spasms, or difficulty in moving; difficulties with coordination and balance (ataxia); problems in speech (dysarthria) or swallowing (dysphagia), visual problems (nystagmus[]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    There was no gaze preference or nystagmus. Corneal reflexes were intact. The right nasolabial fold was flattened, and right eye closure was decreased.[] The brain MRI, which was obtained 11 hours after presentation, showed multiple 4- to 5-mm foci of abnormal increase in T2 signal and decreased T1 signal intensity involving[] The head computerized tomography scan in the emergency department was normal.[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can detect abnormal blood vessels, underlying tumors, and some aneurysms.[] CT (computed tomography) scans of the head may be taken to identify and assess the amount of blood spillage in the brain.[]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    There may be little or no evidence of the usual signs of cerevellar disease, & only a minority of cases show nystagmus or ataxia of the limbs.[] Although neuro-otological examinations especially gaze nystagmus, eye tracking and positional nystagmus tests, were useful for diagnosing the central vestibular lesions, no[] Horner's syndrome), absence of convergence, paralysis of vertical gaze, an assortment of lateral gaze abnormalities (paresis or pseudoparesis of the sixth nerve), & retraction nystagmus[]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    (SN) or direction changed bidirectional gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN).[] To define the characteristics and mechanism of head-shaking nystagmus in central vestibulopathies, we investigated spontaneous nystagmus and head-shaking nystagmus in 72 patients[] KEYWORDS: Cerebellar infarction; Cerebellum; Ocular fixation; Spontaneous nystagmus[]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    Abstract A 63-year-old woman presented with a metastatic focus of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the cerebellopontine angle manifesting as lateral gazing nystagmus and slurred[] A careful search for subtle cerebellar signs, including dysarthria, limb ataxia, nystagmus or tandem gait instability, absent in true gastroenteritis cases, could potentially[] On examination, he was disclosed mental confusion, repeated vomiting, constricred pupil, horizontal nystagmus, inability to stand, dysarthria and neck stiffness.[]

  • Meningeal Carcinomatosis

    There was no neck stiffness or nystagmus. The sensory examination was normal. The conjunctivae were pale, but not icteric.[] A contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan of the brain was obtained and revealed abnormal enhancement between the cerebellar folia, consistent with meningeal[] MC also destroys blood brain barrier, in fact the majority of patients shows dural abnormal reinforcement such as nodositas, line type and mixed type.[]

  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

    […] in two patients in whom the waveform of the nystagmus was not obvious on inspection.[] Investigations MRI scan is a very useful investigation as it shows poor myelination, although this may not be apparently abnormal until about 1 year of age.[] The former had spontaneous vertical pendular nystagmus.[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    […] of the abducting eye, and vertical gaze-evoked nystagmus.[] Imaging tests Your doctor may perform a CT or MRI scan of your brain to look for signs of spinal fluid pressure.[] In this report, we describe the management of a child with bilateral cataract, nystagmus, and comitant sensory esotropia.[]

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