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70 Possible Causes for MRI Scan showing White Matter Lesions

  • Fabry Disease

    Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for Fabry disease does not show a clear benefit in angiokeratoma. We describe two Japanese siblings with Fabry disease, who were diagnosed when angiokeratomas were found on the older sibling at the age of 13 years. Neither of the boys complained of pain, while both suffered from[…][]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    Although Lyme disease frequently attacks the central nervous system, this involvement is rarely severe, and high-dose intravenous penicillin usually is adequate treatment. The patient we describe developed severe Lyme meningoencephalitis despite receiving a full course of penicillin, and his condition continued to[…][]

  • Leigh's Disease

    From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search A mitochondrial metabolism disease characterized by progressive loss of mental and movement abilities. Symptoms usually begin between ages of three months and two years and include loss of appetite, vomiting, irritability and seizure activity. Infantile necrotizing[…][]

  • Alexander Disease

    Alexander disease is a rare and generally fatal disorder of the CNS, originally classified among the leukodystrophies because of the prominent myelin deficits found in young patients. The most common form of this disease affects infants, who often have profound mental retardation and a variety of developmental[…][]

  • Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Schilder

    Repeat MRI brain scan showed near-complete resolution of white matter edema, reduction in the size of the primary lesion with increased central cystic degeneration and surrounding[] Noncontrast computed tomography scan brain done in emergency showed a large area of white matter hypodensity involving the left frontoparietal region.[] Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an ill-defined lesion measuring 7.5 cm 4.4 cm 6.5 cm in the left centrum semiovale which was isointense on T1-weighted, hyperintense[]

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

    show hypointense lesions within the affected white matter of patients with PML MRI demonstrates hyperintense lesions on T2 and FLAIR weighted images Faint, typically peripheral[] CT scan may show hypodense lesions.[] […] virus is the most useful laboratory diagnostic test but is not 100% sensitive (see above, J Clin Virol 2008;43:247, J Med Microbiol 2009;58:253 ) Radiology description CT scans[]

  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) can be regarded as one of the demyelinating syndromes. First described by Adams et al. in 1959 in their chronic alcoholic patients, it has now been described in the malnourished, the chronically debilitated, the renal, the hepatic and the transplant patient among others. Pathologically,[…][]

  • Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy

    Krabbe disease (also called globoid cell leukodystrophy) is a severe neurological condition. It is part of a group of disorders known as leukodystrophies, which result from the loss of myelin (demyelination) in the nervous system. Myelin is the protective covering around nerve cells that ensures the rapid transmission[…][]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    DONATE NOW! Supporting research, awareness, and families. MLD is caused by a genetic defect that results in the lack of a lysosomal enzyme, Arylsulfatase A. This enzyme normally breaks down substances called sulfatides. The missing enzyme causes sulfatides to increase in brain, peripheral nerves, liver, and kidney *.[…][]

  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

    From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search An encephalomyelitis characterized by inflammation located in brain and located in spinal cord that damages myelin. It usually occurs after viral infection, but also following vaccination, bacterial or parasitic infection. ADEM acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis acute[…][]

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