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1,216 Possible Causes for Multifocal Epileptiform Spikes, Small Hippocampi, Visual Hallucination

  • Epilepsy

    Inter-ictal multifocal spikes or sharp and slow waves in nearly all EEGs.[] , such as blindness, visual hallucinations, illusions, and distorted scenery like macropsia, where everything surrounding you seems larger than normal.[] The cortex is the outer layer of the brain, and seizure symptoms can vary from unusual sensations to visual hallucinations, emotional changes, or convulsions.[]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Visual hallucinations in consultation-liaison neuropsychiatry. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, Vol. 19, Issue. 06, p. 330.[] Cross-tabulations reported p 0.919, p 0.770, p 0.336 respectively for visual hallucinations, auditory hallucinations and delusions. E.[] Visual hallucinations predominated the clinical picture in contrast to auditory hallucinations and delusions, but again did not vary in their occurrence between both varieties[]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    Simple Partial Seizures Simple partial seizures only affect a small part of the brain, usually the temporal lobes or hippocampi, and are usually brief in duration, lasting[] Virtually any movement, sensory, or emotional symptom can occur as part of a partial seizure, including complex visual or auditory hallucinations.[] Jacksonian march (“march of convulsions”): progressive involvement of muscle groups Sensory and psychiatric symptoms Visual (e.g., hallucinations, micropsia, macropsia) Somatic[]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Ictal amaurosis, blindness or severe blurring of vision, limited to one hemifield, quadrant, or involving the entire visual field, may follow the visual hallucinations but[] For example, a focal aware seizure from the back of the brain (occipital lobe) may cause a visual hallucination, while a seizure from the side of the brain (temporal lobe)[] Occipital lobe seizures can begin with visual hallucinations of flickering or colored lights.[]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    The control of water movement is achieved through a family of small integral membrane channel proteins called aquaporins (AQPs).[] In a study published this week in Medical Humanities, the authors feel that temporal lobe epilepsy is a more likely explanation as it can produce complex visual hallucinations[] These visual illusions differ from the visual hallucinations associated with occipital lobe seizure in that there is no formed visual image.[]

    Missing: Multifocal Epileptiform Spikes
  • Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure

    […] region of the brain, often the temporal lobes or structures found there such as the hippocampi.[] BACKGROUND: A complex partial seizure can cause a variety of visual system signs and symptoms, including visual hallucinations, dilated pupils, and changes in vision.[] […] generalized seizure is one that involves both sides of the brain from the onset). [6] Focal aware seizure [ edit ] Focal aware seizures are seizures which affect only a small[]

    Missing: Multifocal Epileptiform Spikes
  • Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy

    Complex visual symptoms Expand Complex visual symptoms Section More-complex visual hallucinations may include scenes often related to past experience and may be accompanied[] The syndrome is usually associated with visual hallucinations.[] hallucinations or seeing flashing lights Out of body sensation Teeth clenching and tongue biting Rigidity of body followed by jerking movements (convulsions) Slumping and[]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Panayiotopoulos Syndrome

    The background activity (BA) of the electroencephalogram (EEG) is normal and in 90% of the cases, the epileptiform activity (EA) is characterised by spikes or spike-wave complexes[] Complex visual hallucinations, visual illusions and other symptoms resulting from more anterior ictal spreading rarely occur from the start.[] Clinical manifestations Frequent visual seizures of mainly elementary visual hallucinations, blindness, or both.[]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Encephalopathy

    He had started to experience visual hallucinations 3 days before presentation and zonisamide had been weaned.[] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions, agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss, and confusion.HIV encephalopathy[]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    In the late stages of uraemic encephalopathy the patient may be delirious, with visual hallucinations, disorientation, and agitation which evolve into torpor, preterminal[] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions, agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss, and confusion. [6] HIV encephalopathy[]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi

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