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1,216 Possible Causes for Multifocal Epileptiform Spikes, Small Hippocampi, Visual Hallucination

  • Epilepsy

    Inter-ictal multifocal spikes or sharp and slow waves in nearly all EEGs.[epilepsy.com] , such as blindness, visual hallucinations, illusions, and distorted scenery like macropsia, where everything surrounding you seems larger than normal.[verywell.com] The cortex is the outer layer of the brain, and seizure symptoms can vary from unusual sensations to visual hallucinations, emotional changes, or convulsions.[everydayhealth.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Visual hallucinations in consultation-liaison neuropsychiatry. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, Vol. 19, Issue. 06, p. 330.[cambridge.org] Cross-tabulations reported p 0.919, p 0.770, p 0.336 respectively for visual hallucinations, auditory hallucinations and delusions. E.[annals-general-psychiatry.biomedcentral.com] Visual hallucinations predominated the clinical picture in contrast to auditory hallucinations and delusions, but again did not vary in their occurrence between both varieties[annals-general-psychiatry.biomedcentral.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    Simple Partial Seizures Simple partial seizures only affect a small part of the brain, usually the temporal lobes or hippocampi, and are usually brief in duration, lasting[efmny.org] Virtually any movement, sensory, or emotional symptom can occur as part of a partial seizure, including complex visual or auditory hallucinations.[epilepsywisconsin.org] Jacksonian march (“march of convulsions”): progressive involvement of muscle groups Sensory and psychiatric symptoms Visual (e.g., hallucinations, micropsia, macropsia) Somatic[amboss.com]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Ictal amaurosis, blindness or severe blurring of vision, limited to one hemifield, quadrant, or involving the entire visual field, may follow the visual hallucinations but[epilepsyontario.org] For example, a focal aware seizure from the back of the brain (occipital lobe) may cause a visual hallucination, while a seizure from the side of the brain (temporal lobe)[mountsinai.org] Occipital lobe seizures can begin with visual hallucinations of flickering or colored lights.[nyulangone.org]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    The control of water movement is achieved through a family of small integral membrane channel proteins called aquaporins (AQPs).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In a study published this week in Medical Humanities, the authors feel that temporal lobe epilepsy is a more likely explanation as it can produce complex visual hallucinations[medicalnewstoday.com] These visual illusions differ from the visual hallucinations associated with occipital lobe seizure in that there is no formed visual image.[patient.info]

    Missing: Multifocal Epileptiform Spikes
  • Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure

    […] region of the brain, often the temporal lobes or structures found there such as the hippocampi.[en.wikipedia.org] BACKGROUND: A complex partial seizure can cause a variety of visual system signs and symptoms, including visual hallucinations, dilated pupils, and changes in vision.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] generalized seizure is one that involves both sides of the brain from the onset). [6] Focal aware seizure [ edit ] Focal aware seizures are seizures which affect only a small[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Multifocal Epileptiform Spikes
  • Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy

    Complex visual symptoms Expand Complex visual symptoms Section More-complex visual hallucinations may include scenes often related to past experience and may be accompanied[epilepsyontario.org] The syndrome is usually associated with visual hallucinations.[epilepsywarriors.org] hallucinations or seeing flashing lights Out of body sensation Teeth clenching and tongue biting Rigidity of body followed by jerking movements (convulsions) Slumping and[stlukes-stl.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Panayiotopoulos Syndrome

    The background activity (BA) of the electroencephalogram (EEG) is normal and in 90% of the cases, the epileptiform activity (EA) is characterised by spikes or spike-wave complexes[scielo.br] Complex visual hallucinations, visual illusions and other symptoms resulting from more anterior ictal spreading rarely occur from the start.[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical manifestations Frequent visual seizures of mainly elementary visual hallucinations, blindness, or both.[epilepsy.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Encephalopathy

    He had started to experience visual hallucinations 3 days before presentation and zonisamide had been weaned.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions, agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss, and confusion.HIV encephalopathy[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    In the late stages of uraemic encephalopathy the patient may be delirious, with visual hallucinations, disorientation, and agitation which evolve into torpor, preterminal[jnnp.bmj.com] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions, agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss, and confusion. [6] HIV encephalopathy[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi

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