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17 Possible Causes for Multifocal Independent Spikes, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Central Bilaterally, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Parietal Left

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Between these bursts are inserted periods of variable duration without obvious paroxysmal discharges but with θ–wave activity of variable amplitude involving both central[neupsykey.com] […] regions subcontinuously. 23 Bilateral jerk may be time locked with a cortical spike.[neupsykey.com]

  • Epilepsy

    Contemporary drug therapy fails to control epileptic seizures in some 30% of patients, resulting in the need to employ other measures when they appear practicable. A good deal of potentially relevant statistical detail is available regarding the outcomes of the available antiepileptic therapies, but its interpretation[…][dx.doi.org]

  • West Syndrome

    Other patterns, such as multifocal independent spike discharges (MISD), are present in the remainder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy

    In a clinical setting, the occurrence of periodic clusters and independent focal or multifocal accentuations of generalized spike-and-wave complexes in interictal EEG may[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy mainly characterized by myoclonic jerks, but affected individuals may also experience generalized tonic-clonic seizures and absence seizures. Symptom onset typically occurs around puberty and although the disease persists into adulthood, patients do respond[…][symptoma.com]

  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Tonic status epilepticus (TSE) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well recognized. The objective of this study is to report episodes of TSE in patients with IGE. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and EEG evaluation of three IGE patients who presented TSE. The three patients had mainly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study to evaluate the hippocampal, frontal and thalamic lobe functions in the early stage of the juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE) by magnetic resonance proton spectroscopy (MRS). METHOD: Fourteen patients with juvenile absence epilepsy with typical absence seizures and 10 healthy volunteer[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]