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297 Possible Causes for Multifocal Spikes, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes, Progressive Action Tremor

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Usually, myoclonic tremor is the presenting symptom, characterized by tremulous finger movements and myoclonic jerks of the limbs increased by action and posture.[uniprot.org] This was referred to as posterior paroxysmal activity by Holmes et al.[euroformhealthcare.biz] ) Cortical tremor is a form of rhythmic myoclonus, presenting as postural or action tremor in some patients with progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME), 76, 77 in Angelman syndrome[clinicalgate.com]

  • Epilepsy

    At 9 years, video EEG monitoring showed a striking pattern of interictal slow spike-wave and paroxysmal fast activity, maximal over the right, initially unaffected, hemisphere[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] predominance, and multifocal spike-and-slow waves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] paroxysmal fast activity, diffuse slowing slow background, generalized spike waves MRI normal normal vermis hypoplasia, cisterna magna normal partial agenesis of vermis unknown[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy

    - or polyspike-wave activity at more than 2.5 Hz without generalized paroxysmal fast activity or focal spikes.[jamanetwork.com] Interictal EEG revealed generalized irregular multiple spikes-and-waves with focal or multifocal accentuations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ; LTG, lamotrigine; M, myoclonic seizure; MA, myoclonic-astatic seizure; MF, multifocal spikes; PHT, phenytoin; PSW, diffuse polyspike and wave complexes; SBA, slowing of[omicsonline.org]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • West Syndrome

    Interictal The background EEG is often highly disorganized with high voltage irregular slow waves intermixed with multifocal spikes and polyspikes, this is termed 'hypsarrhythmia[epilepsydiagnosis.org] The interictal EEG pattern is described as hypsarrhythmic as it is characterised by asynchronous and high-amplitude slow waves and multifocal spikes.[orpha.net] Hypsarrhythmia is a characteristic interictal pattern of chaotic, high to extremely high-voltage polymorphic delta and theta rhythms with superimposed multifocal spikes and[patient.info]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Generalized spike-wave discharges and diffuse paroxysmal fast activity were categorized as interictal and ictal, based on duration of less than 10 seconds or greater, respectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    The discharge is heterogeneous, often asymmetrical and may include irregular spike and slow wave complexes, fast and other paroxysmal activity.[en.wikipedia.org] Background activity is often abnormal, reflecting the diffuse or multifocal underlying encephalopathy of symptomatic generalized epilepsy.[reference.medscape.com] Ictal - EEG is of slow (less than 2.5 Hz) spike and slow wave.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Full‐Length Original Research Corresponding Author E-mail address: marsyv@vestreviken.no Department of Neurology, Drammen Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo,[…][doi.org]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Encephalopathy

    […] and paroxysmal bursts of sharp and slow waves, these drugs increase epileptiform activity in known epileptic patients, clozapine increase bilateral spike waves discharges[slideshare.net] […] delta bursts, that is called as paradoxical arousal response 18. * Background slowing * Increased theta delta activity * Paroxysmal sharp waves * Theta bursts * Delta bursts[slideshare.net] * Spike discharges *Triphasic waves * FIRDA * OIRDA * TIRDA * Alpha / theta coma Periodic pattern Spindle coma ECS 19.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    […] discharges (PLEDS). [37] In hypokalemia, diffuse slow activity can be seen together with paroxysmal delta/theta activity, as well as focal paroxysms of sharp waves and spike-waves[neurologyindia.com] ., frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA), or spikes and sharp waves as well as spike-wave discharges in temporal regions. [37] In hyponatremia, EEG detects[neurologyindia.com] […] diffuse slowing in the theta range, followed by paroxysmal delta activity and FIRDA or periodic delta waves, as well as the occurrence of periodic lateralized epileptiform[neurologyindia.com]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor

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