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97 Possible Causes for Muscle Biopsy Abnormal, Muscle Twitch, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Only about 10% of ALS patients have abnormal nerve conduction study results, but the test can also suggest other diagnoses. A muscle biopsy.[webmd.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] twitching for 3 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    The results of electromyography and muscle biopsy were compatible with ALS. However, supranuclear vertical gaze palsy and slow saccades are seen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lower motor neuron (LMN) findings include muscle atrophy and fasciculations, and upper motor neuron (UMN) findings include hyperreflexia, spasticity, muscle spasm, and abnormal[en.wikipedia.org] A 69-year-old man with long-standing depression and failing memory presented with muscle twitches of 8 months' duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Muscle histology Deltoid muscle biopsies showed no mitochondrial abnormalities or dysfunction (Table 4 ). Muscle biopsies were normal in seven patients.[academic.oup.com] […] a slowly progressing degenerative brain disease characterized by weakness, spasticity, hyperreflexia, and a positive Babinski sign.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] As muscles are not directly affected, there is no muscle shrinkage or fasciculations (sub-dermal muscle twitches), with this type of MND.[mndcentre.org.uk]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    We had the opportunity to study the muscle biopsy of a 6-year-old patient with PKAN ( PANK2 mutations: N500I IVS2-1G A).[doi.org] Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[radiopaedia.org] They may experience involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia) of the head and neck, resulting in repetitive movements and contortions.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 1

    The patient does not report any abnormality with his bowel or bladder function. What will most likely be found on muscle biopsy?[medbullets.com] hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[orthobullets.com] Muscles twitch (called fasciculations) and waste away.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

    However, temporal dispersion of compound muscle action potentials, F-wave abnormalities and other changes suggestive of demyelination occur in some patients with D-LMN syndromes[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] Upper motor neuron signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response).[clinicaltrials.gov] Usually beginning in one or both hands, MMN is characterized by weakness, muscle atrophy, cramping, and often profuse fasciculations (muscle twitching).[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Spastic Paraparesis-Deafness Syndrome

    The muscle abnormalities consisted of the presence of fibres negative for cytochrome oxidase and ragged red fibres which showed intense staining for succinate dehydrogenase[jnnp.bmj.com] , hyperreflexia, urinary bladder disturbance (hypertonic bladder) and extensor plantar responses with weakness of a pyramidal distribution in the lower limbs.[ruralneuropractice.com] Apraxia (Medical Encyclopedia) Hand or foot spasms (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle atrophy (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle function loss (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle twitching[icdlist.com]

  • Progressive Muscular Atrophy

    The presence of abnormally high blood levels of specific enzymes from the muscle cells is typically present in many people with the disease.[disabled-world.com] Clinical Loss of fine motor skills, triad of atrophic weakness of hands and forearms; leg spasticity; generalised hyperreflexia. Management Possibly riluzole.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This then leads to fasciculations (muscle twitches), progressively worsening muscle weakness, and a loss of muscle mass and weight.[mndcentre.org.uk]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 4

    The patient does not report any abnormality with his bowel or bladder function. What will most likely be found on muscle biopsy?[medbullets.com] hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[orthobullets.com] . [1] [2] There are various types of ALS that are distinguished by symptoms and, in some cases, genetic cause. [2] Early symptoms may include muscle twitching, cramping, stiffness[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Shy Drager Syndrome

    Abnormalities in peripheral nerves and muscles that are absent in patients with idiopathic PD have been found in patients with MSA.[emedicine.medscape.com] , hyperreflexia, and Babinski sign), cognitive impairment, visual hallucinations, and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD).[doi.org] […] all parts of the body loud snoring, abnormal breathing or inspiratory stridor during sleep other sleep disorders including sleep apnea, REM behavior disorderdouble vision muscle[en.wikipedia.org]

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