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203 Possible Causes for Muscle Cramp, Muscle Twitch, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

    Upper motor neuron signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response).[] Signs and symptoms of MMN include weakness in the hands and lower arms; muscle cramping; involuntary muscle contractions or twitching; and wasting of the involved muscles.[] Usually beginning in one or both hands, MMN is characterized by weakness, muscle atrophy, cramping, and often profuse fasciculations (muscle twitching).[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[] Cramps are painful, involuntary muscle contractions.[] twitching for 3 years.[]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    No spasticity or hyperreflexia.[] For muscle cramps and stiffness: MND patients suffering from muscles cramps and stiffness can be treated with physical therapy or medication.[] Lower motor neuron disease causes weakness, loss of muscle ("atrophy") and muscle twitching ("fasciculations").[]

  • Paraplegia

    This development led to an evaluation by a neurosurgeon, who noted spasticity and hyperreflexia. Sensory testing demonstrated a possible sensory thoracic level.[] Uncontrolled muscle cramps may cause spasms of the extensors and flexors in the legs. These can range from tembling legs to fully extended knees, hips and feet.[] , but also to cause muscle hypertrophy and muscle fibre shift from fast twitch type 2X to 2A. 3 In addition to these effects, oxidative enzyme activity has also been shown[]

  • Arachnoiditis

    Less commonly, arachnoiditis may involve the spinal cord; in these instances, upper motor neuron findings (hyperreflexia, spasticity, presence of Babinski response) can be[] Some people with arachnoiditis will have debilitating muscle cramps, twitches, or spasms. It may also affect bladder, bowel, and sexual function.[] […] cramps, spasms, muscle twitching, electric shock, the feeling that insects or water are running over the skin, and difficulty controlling limbs.[]

  • Scorpion Sting

    There was a right facial nerve palsy (upper motor neuron type); right spastic hemiplegia with hyperreflexia and extensor plantar response. Fundoscopy was unremarkable.[] The systemic symptomatology is mainly due to the catecholaminergic release, leading to tachycardia, increased blood pressure, restlessness, muscle cramps, and fasciculation[] Common symptoms of a scorpion sting include: pain, tingling or burning sensation at the sting site malaise, sweating, nausea and vomiting salivating numbness muscle twitching[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 4

    hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[] Frequent, albeit unspecific, symptoms are weight loss and muscle cramps.[] . [1] [2] There are various types of ALS that are distinguished by symptoms and, in some cases, genetic cause. [2] Early symptoms may include muscle twitching, cramping, stiffness[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 1

    hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[] Muscles twitch (called fasciculations) and waste away.[] On physical exam, signs of hyperreflexia, spasticity, fasciculations, and muscle atrophy are present in an asymmetric fashion. Tongue fasciculations are also present.[]

  • Muscular Fasciculation

    Upper motor neuron lesions are characterized by weakness, spasticity, hyperreflexia, primitive reflexes and the Babinski sign.[] Muscle cramps could be induced by touching her skin of limbs and chest. Muscle cramps frequently broke out during sleeping, and could be alleviated slightly by standing.[] Considerations Muscle twitching is caused by minor muscle contractions in the area, or uncontrollable twitching of a muscle group that is served by a single motor nerve fiber[]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    Lower motor neuron (LMN) findings include muscle atrophy and fasciculations, and upper motor neuron (UMN) findings include hyperreflexia, spasticity, muscle spasm, and abnormal[] Muscle cramps Muscle cramps can be treated with two different medications: phenytoin, and carbamazepine.[] A 69-year-old man with long-standing depression and failing memory presented with muscle twitches of 8 months' duration.[]

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