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256 Possible Causes for Muscle Twitch, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[radiopaedia.org] They may experience involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia) of the head and neck, resulting in repetitive movements and contortions.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Spasticity, hyperreflexia, and other signs of corticospinal tract involvement are common and eventually limit ambulation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    No spasticity or hyperreflexia.[brainscape.com] Lower motor neuron disease causes weakness, loss of muscle ("atrophy") and muscle twitching ("fasciculations").[neurology.emory.edu] […] wasting and weakness, absent reflexes, loss of weight and muscle twitching.[mndnsw.asn.au]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 1

    hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[orthobullets.com] Muscles twitch (called fasciculations) and waste away.[msdmanuals.com] On physical exam, signs of hyperreflexia, spasticity, fasciculations, and muscle atrophy are present in an asymmetric fashion. Tongue fasciculations are also present.[medbullets.com]

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] […] gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski, and Hoffman signs, and bowel and bladder dysfunction[emoryhealthcare.org] […] and hyperreflexia below the level of the injury level.[amboss.com]

  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

    Upper motor neuron signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response).[clinicaltrials.gov] Usually beginning in one or both hands, MMN is characterized by weakness, muscle atrophy, cramping, and often profuse fasciculations (muscle twitching).[en.wikipedia.org] Atrophy may be present, but hyperreflexia and spasticity are not seen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] twitching for 3 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hyperreflexia ( ) Hoffman's ( ) Babinski's spastic dysarthria lower motor neuron (LMN) signs muscular atrophy weakness clinical fasciculations clumsiness Evaluation Diagnosis[orthobullets.com]

  • Spinal Cord Tumor

    Physical Findings on physical examination correspond to the location of the tumor, degree of cord impingement, and duration, and may include the following: Spasticity; hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com] Hyperreflexia IX.[fpnotebook.com] Cord Compression, motor deficits are more common than sensory Pain on Vertebra l body compression Early changes Flaccidity Hyporeflexia Later changes Cauda Equina Syndrome Spasticity[fpnotebook.com]

  • Spastic Paraparesis-Deafness Syndrome

    , hyperreflexia, urinary bladder disturbance (hypertonic bladder) and extensor plantar responses with weakness of a pyramidal distribution in the lower limbs.[ruralneuropractice.com] Apraxia (Medical Encyclopedia) Hand or foot spasms (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle atrophy (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle function loss (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle twitching[icdlist.com] […] abnormalities on examination of patients with pure HSP include spasticity, hyperreflexia, and extensor plantar responses, with weakness of a pyramidal distribution in the[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    Lower motor neuron (LMN) findings include muscle atrophy and fasciculations, and upper motor neuron (UMN) findings include hyperreflexia, spasticity, muscle spasm, and abnormal[en.wikipedia.org] A 69-year-old man with long-standing depression and failing memory presented with muscle twitches of 8 months' duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , hyperreflexia and atrophy in later stages of disease, but fasciculations are absent.[symptoma.com]

  • Progressive Muscular Atrophy

    Clinical Loss of fine motor skills, triad of atrophic weakness of hands and forearms; leg spasticity; generalised hyperreflexia. Management Possibly riluzole.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This then leads to fasciculations (muscle twitches), progressively worsening muscle weakness, and a loss of muscle mass and weight.[mndcentre.org.uk] However, hyperreflexia and spasticity typical of ALS never occur in MMN. Conduction block Amount of block increases with more proximal stimulation. B.[neuromuscular.wustl.edu]

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