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88 Possible Causes for Myoclonic Jerking, Vitamin B12 Deficiency

  • Hypoglycemia

    In newborns, hypoglycemia can produce irritability, jitters, myoclonic jerks, cyanosis, respiratory distress, apneic episodes, sweating, hypothermia, somnolence, hypotonia[] Vitamin B12 deficiency is also associated with the dysfunction of central nervous system.[] We report a 72-year-old type 1 diabetic patient with vitamin B12 deficiency whose impaired awareness of hypoglycemia improved after 4 weeks of vitamin B12 administration with[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    During his admission he became drowsy and had myoclonic jerks. Both CT scan brain and lumbar puncture were normal.[] Folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 deficiency may lead to hyperhomocysteinemia, as they participate in its metabolism.[] Chronic alcoholism is often associated with malnutrition and nutritional and vitamin deficiencies, including B12, B1 (thiamin), folate and other B vitamins.[]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    B12 deficiency.[] Other causes include deficiencies of iron, folate, and vitamin B12. Symptoms and Signs Patients with mildly diminished renal reserve are asymptomatic.[] […] hyperparathyroidism are common findings, whereas a complete blood count (CBC) reveals anemia with normochromic and normocytic characteristics, thus excluding causes such as iron or vitamin[]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    After 36 hours of donepezil remission, the frequency of the myoclonic jerks was sharply reduced. The patient remains asymptomatic after 6 months of follow-up.[] Vitamin B12 deficiency. Depression, schizophrenia. Acute confusional state, amnesia. Neurosyphilis, AIDS dementia complex.[] Very rarely, dementia can be reversed; for example, if it is due to thyroid hormone deficiency or deficiency of vitamin B12 or folic acid.[]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    Clinical findings include seizures, ataxia, alopecia and dermatitis with atypical findings of myoclonic jerks, neuropathy and spastic paraparesis.[] Sepsis Thiamine deficiency Uremia Vitamin B12 Deficiency Wernicke's Encephalopathy Causes by Organ System Cardiovascular Ischemia Chemical/Poisoning Carbon monoxide poisoning[] Synchronous myoclonic jerks in all limbs can be seen in any patient who is slipping in and out of a drowsy sleep—also known as sleep-onset myoclonus.[]

  • Dementia

    B12 deficiency Low levels of thyroid hormones, called hypothyroidism Low blood sugar , called hypoglycemia HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) These forms of dementia[] The main reversible causes of dementia include vitamin B12 deficiency, hypothyroidism, neurosyphilis and Lyme disease.[] Potentially treatable dementias (fewer than 5%): Substance abuse Hypothyroidism Space-occupying intracranial lesions Normal pressure hydrocephalus Syphilis Vitamin B12 deficiency[]

  • Dialysis Dementia

    jerks, motor apraxia or immobility, EEG–presence of bilateral synchronous spike and wave activity; other changes include speech defects, seizures, mental deterioration, bone[] B12 deficiency Low levels of thyroid hormones, called hypothyroidism Low blood sugar, called hypoglycemia HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) These forms of dementia[] Findings include the following: Myoclonic jerks, twitches, or fasciculations (ie, uremic twitch-convulsive syndrome postulated by Adams et al in 1997) Asterixis Chorea [5][]

  • Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome

    It has frequently been confused with, and should be clearly differentiated from, other normal jerking movements of sleep, such as partial myoclonic jerks and massive myoclonic[] People taking folic acid should ensure that they receive at least 500 to 1000 mcg of vitamin B12 each day to make sure the folic acid isn’t masking a vitamin B12 deficiency[] In about 1 out of 5 people, the myoclonic jerks occur primarily on one side of the body. Myoclonic jerks are often triggered by lack of sleep and flashing lights.[]

  • Myoclonic Jerking

    ., adj myoclon ic. A single myoclonic arm or leg jerk is normal when the person is falling asleep. Myoclonic jerks are severe with grand mal seizures.[] The standard American diet is often deficient in B vitamins and gastritis prevents their absorption from food as well as the normal production of B12 and others by the good[] These involuntary jerks are a symptom and not a disease. Myoclonic jerks are usually caused by some type of central nervous system ( brain and spinal cord ) disturbance.[]

  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

    jerk and visual impairment.[] MLYCD Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency MMAA Methylmalonic aciduria, vitamin B12-responsive MMAB Methylmalonic aciduria, vitamin B12-responsive, due to defect in synthesis[] During the next year, she gradually developed ataxia, myoclonic jerks, and bilateral optic nerve atrophy and lost motor skills.[]

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